CWGC Cemeteries **updated 07/02/2020**

Re: CWGC Cemeteries **updated 20/08/2019**

Postby SuffolkBlue on Thu 03 Oct 2019, 8:18 pm

I was able to enjoy a month off work before starting a new job recently, which gave me time to visit a number of sites across the country.
I started off with a day visiting locations in Cambridgeshire, Rutland and Northants, with the cemetery in St Neots being the first on the list.

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CWGC St. Neots Cemetery - St. Neots, Cambridgeshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Reginald Charles Wilson joined the Bedfordshire Regiment in March 1916. He completed his training and was drafted to France with the Regiment in October 1916. There he took part in heavy fighting on the Somme, Arras and Messines fronts, and was wounded at Ypres in September 1917. He was invalided home, and later was posted to the Royal Air Force, but again went into hospital on account of his wounds, and died on October 28th 1918, after undergoing an operation. He was buried with full military honors here in his home town of St. Neots.
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CWGC St. Neots Cemetery - St. Neots, Cambridgeshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

On the 25th November 1940, Handley PageHampden P1320 of 106 Sqn crashed after the pilot lost control during a night-flying training sortie. Sgt Bagnall injured, Sgt E.F. Carthew KIA, Sgt M.C. Mair KIA, Sgt Canham injured.
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CWGC St. Neots Cemetery - St. Neots, Cambridgeshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

During the Second World War this cemetery was used for burials from No.6 Polish General Hospital, which was stationed at Diddington, just to the north of the town.
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CWGC St. Neots Cemetery - St. Neots, Cambridgeshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC St. Neots Cemetery - St. Neots, Cambridgeshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC St. Neots Cemetery - St. Neots, Cambridgeshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

It was then a short drive up the A1 to All Saints Churchyard, Wittering. The churchyard mainly contains the graves of casualties who lost their lives either flying from the nearby airfield or the local vicinity. On my visit there were a number of 115 Squadron Grob Tutors buzzing around the area of this famous airfield
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CWGC Wittering (All Saints) Churchyard - Wittering, Cambridgeshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

On the 29th March 1942, the crew of 151 Sqn Boulton Paul DefiantAA384 were on an unauthorised low flying on a training flight when it crashed and caught fire at 12.30hrs after the pilot stalled at low altitude in a steep turn. Pilot P/O HW Hart killed, gunner Sgt AJ Snook were killed.
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CWGC Wittering (All Saints) Churchyard - Wittering, Cambridgeshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

On the 29th July 1955, the crew of Vickers Valiant WP222 left RAF Wittering on a cross-country flight for trials of the Avon engines. Soon after getting airborne, the aircraft entered a left hand descending turn and crashed into the ground. One crew member managed to leave the aircraft but he did not survive. The rest of the crew, including Squadron Leader E R Chalk, were killed in the crash.
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CWGC Wittering (All Saints) Churchyard - Wittering, Cambridgeshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Flight Lt Humphrey William Baggs & Flying Officer Sydney Fleetwood Bell took off from RAF Wittering on the 16th June 1927 in a Sopwith Snipe for a training flight. Not long into the flight, their aircraft spun into the ground at Wothorpe, near Stamford, Lincolnshire, killing both crew members. They are buried here side by side.

The "Portsmouth Evening News", for 17/6/1927, reported that "the aeroplane was flying at a tremendous height when suddenly its engine stopped. It re-started and then the machine fell into a spin, and dropping at a terrific rate, crashed into the ground." Both crew were killed
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CWGC Wittering (All Saints) Churchyard - Wittering, Cambridgeshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Wittering (All Saints) Churchyard - Wittering, Cambridgeshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Bernard Howe was the son of Frank and Ellen Matilda Howe, born in Melksham, Wiltshire on 10th April 1919. His father was a career soldier with the RAMC, being discharged in 1920 after 26 years of service. Howe went to school at Shirburn, near Watlington, where his mother had, at one time, been lady’s maid for the Countess of Macclesfield. Winning a scholarship to Lord Williams’s Grammar School, he was a pupil there from 1930 to 1937.

In September 1937 he entered RAF College, Cranwell as a Flight Cadet, receiving his commission in July 1939. He then joined 25 Squadron at North Weald in August 1939 and served with the squadron throughout the Battle of Britain flying Blenheim Mark 1f night fighters. Posted in January 1941 to 263 squadron at St Eval, and then Portreath in Cornwall, he flew Westland Whirwind fighters on convoy patrols.

On 6th April 1941, in Whirlwind P7002, he claimed a He111 damaged. On 20th April 1941 on a visit to RAF Wittering, he was killed flying Whirlwind I P6992 which dived into the ground at Burghley House after performing low level inclined rolls. The accident report at the time presumed this was due to a leading edge slat becoming detached.
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CWGC Wittering (All Saints) Churchyard - Wittering, Cambridgeshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

David Francis Roberts, of Penylan, was born in Cardiff in January 1909 and joined the RAF in September 1939 as an Airman u/t Air Gunner. He completed his training and was posted to 25 Squadron, flying Blenheims, in late May 1940 and promoted to Sergeant in June.

He was killed on April 3rd 1941, still serving with 25 Squadron. His Beaufighter X7541 crashed, cause unknown, at Burghley Park near Wittering. The pilot, Sgt. HI Maxwell, was also killed.
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CWGC Wittering (All Saints) Churchyard - Wittering, Cambridgeshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Jack Richard Friend was born in Norwich on 1st April 1914. He was awarded Aero Certificate 19451 at Norfolk & Norwich Aero Club on 10th August 1939. His occupation was recorded as 'bus conductor'. Friend joined the RAF in October 1939 as an Airman u/t Air Gunner. He went to 25 Squadron at North Weald in early October 1940.

In the evening of 7th December 1940 Friend was one of the crew of Blenheim L1235 which was detailed to check the blackout over Peterborough. During the patrol the weather deteriorated and a bad storm developed. The pilot lost control and the aircraft came down near the village of Elton in Huntingdonshire (now Cambridgeshire). Friend and the pilot, F/Lt. J McC M Hughes were both killed and the Radar Operator, Sgt. FB Blenkharn, was seriously injured.
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CWGC Wittering (All Saints) Churchyard - Wittering, Cambridgeshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Bristol Blenheim IF L1459 of No 23 Squadron, RAF Wittering, crashed into the ground from cloud at Fenny Compton, near Leamington Spa, Warwickshire, on the 20th March 1939.
Crew:
Pilot Officer Joseph Benjamin RAVEN (pilot, aged 22) RAF - killed
Pilot Officer Anthony Stewart PETER (observer, aged 22) RAF - killed

Both baled out, but died when their parachutes failed to open.
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CWGC Wittering (All Saints) Churchyard - Wittering, Cambridgeshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Flight Lieutenant Steve Beckley was killed on 6th September 1975 at the Yeovilton Navy Day after his display in the Harrier, when his ejector seat was released.
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CWGC Wittering (All Saints) Churchyard - Wittering, Cambridgeshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Pilot Officer David William Thompson of 25 Squadron was killed on the 8th July 1941 whilst flying night fighter patrols protecting the Midlands in a Bristol Beaufighter from RAF Wittering.
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CWGC Wittering (All Saints) Churchyard - Wittering, Cambridgeshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Four Harriers were attacking a target from different directions near Wardle, Nantwich, Cheshire. Two aircraft (XV754 and XV745) failed to maintain separation and collided as they crossed over. Both pilots were killed. Flight Lieutenant John Keith ROBERTS was the pilot of Harrier XV754. Per a contemporary account of the accident from the local press:

"TWO single-seater GR3 Harriers were involved in a peacetime mid-air collision over Wettenhall, Nantwich, which killed both pilots instantly.

The accident happened at around 12.15 pm, on Monday, January 19, 1976. One pilot was found still strapped in his ejector seat. The other had tried to eject, a parachute being found near the Little Man public house at Wettenhall.

The pilots of planes XV 745 and XV 754 were taking part in a four-aeroplane low-level exercise from their base at RAF Wittering, in Cambridgeshire, and were about to clear the low-level area when the accident occurred.

An eye-witness reported to a Nantwich Chronicle reporter shortly afterwards that he had seen “four aircraft flying very low and fast. They peeled off in twos and as they were coming back into formation, one of them seemed to misjudge his timing and a plane from the other pair hit him underneath. There was a great ball of fire in the air followed by a terrific explosion.”

Other eye-witnesses reported that wreckage “came down like confetti” and aircraft parts were spread over a wide area. Several fell near the Little Man and others in the fields of Elms Farm, Calveley. An 11,000-volt power cable was brought down and some homes were without power for three hours.

The two pilots were identified as 29-year-old Flight Lieutenant James Edward Downey and 30-year-old Flight Lieutenant John Keith Roberts.

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CWGC Wittering (All Saints) Churchyard - Wittering, Cambridgeshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Wittering (All Saints) Churchyard - Wittering, Cambridgeshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Wittering (All Saints) Churchyard - Wittering, Cambridgeshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Avro 504N K1042 & K1050, CFS, RAF Wittering: Written off (destroyed) 6/5/32 due to a mid air collision during formation change, near RAF Wittering, Northamptonshire. Machines changing formation, two locked together and fell at moderate speed to the ground.Both pilot (one in each aircraft) were killed:

Flying Officer Duncan Shimwell McDougall (aged 28) killed
Flying Officer Nicholas Erskine White (aged 24) killed

However, it is not clear which pilot was in which aircraft. According to a contemporary newspaper report:

"R.A.F. CRASH.
Two More Officers Killed.

SIXTEEN THIS YEAR. LONDON, Saturday. - Five Royal Air Force planes which were flying in formation at a height of 3,000 feet over Lincolnshire today, were executing a turn when two of them collided. They became interlocked, and crashed to earth and caught fire.

Flying - Officers Duncan Shimwell McDougall and Nicholas Erskine White were killed. This is the tenth fatal R.A.F. crash this year. Sixteen men have been killed in those accidents."
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CWGC Wittering (All Saints) Churchyard - Wittering, Cambridgeshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Wittering (All Saints) Churchyard - Wittering, Cambridgeshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Wittering (All Saints) Churchyard - Wittering, Cambridgeshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Pilot Officer Ian Hamilton of Hamilton, New Zealand, took off from RAF Wittering in Hawker Hurricane IIb on the 15th July 1942 for a training exercise and after completing a dummy attack on an army column, his aircraft struck trees and crashed.

He has 572 logged hours and completed 105 operational sorties.
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CWGC Wittering (All Saints) Churchyard - Wittering, Cambridgeshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Pilot Officer Frank Darycott & Pilot Officer Jacques Horrell were killed along with the rest of their crew when their Douglas Boston AX910 crashed near Molesworth, Northants, on the 13th April 1942.
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CWGC Wittering (All Saints) Churchyard - Wittering, Cambridgeshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Sgt William Arthur Fradley died of natural causes whilst at home in West Worthing, West Sussex.

He was a Wireless Operator / Observer serving with No 25 Sqn based at RAF Wittering

Of note, on the 29 Mar 1941, F/Sgt George Smythe DCM, Pilot and Sgt William Arthur Fradley RAD/OP, were operating in 25 Sqn Bristol Beaufighter I when it overshot the runway at RAF Wittering following a forced landing at approx 2200 hrs due to undercarriage retracted, cockpit canopy iced up & double engine failure

Tragically it collided with a private car that was travelling on the Great North Rd (now the A1) seriously injuring the two occupants, who were brothers. They were both admitted to Stamford Infirmary with severe head wounds. Despite best efforts of medical staff they both died in the early hours of the following morning, 30th March 1941

F/Sgt Smythe DCM and Sgt Fradley were reported as being uninjured in this tragic accident, however it is not known if there is/was a link between this and Sgt Fradley's death nine months later
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CWGC Wittering (All Saints) Churchyard - Wittering, Cambridgeshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Leading Aircraftman Roffe lost his life in a collision of two Armstong-Whitworth Whitley aircraft at the Bomber Command training airfield of RAF Llandwrog on the 10th October 1941. During a training exercise Whitley K7252 and Whitley K9041, both from Llandwrog’s 9 Air Gunnery School, were circling the airfield when they collided. K9041, piloted by Flight Lieutenant H.J.B. Martin, was carrying seven passengers: one Sergeant Instructor and six U.T. airmen; K7252, piloted by Squadron Leader H.V. Barker, was carrying eight passengers: one Corporal Instructor, six U.T. airmen and one civilian (from Marshalls Flying School, Limited). All seventeen airmen and one civilian perished in this accident.
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CWGC Wittering (All Saints) Churchyard - Wittering, Cambridgeshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

RNZAF Official
George Leslie Davidson was born at Patea on the 12th May, 1915, and received his secondary education at the New Plymouth Boys High School. He was later a member of the Egmont Wanganui Hunt Club. Prior to his enlistment he was employed on his father's farm at Opaku, Patea. He applied for a Short Service Commission on the 1st April, 1937, but his application was unsuccessful. Shortly after the outbreak of war he applied for aircrew training. He was interested in flying and was a member of the Western Federated Flying Club, New Plymouth, and he logged over 100 hours flying time at the time of his enlistment in the Royal New Zealand Air Force.

Sgt. Davidson was enlisted on the 30th November, 1940, at the Ground Training School, Levin. On the 19th January, 1941, he commenced his flying training at No. 2 Elementary Flying Training School, New Plymouth. On the completion of his elementary flying training in New Zealand he embarked on the 27th March, 1941, on the "Morangi" for Canada to continue his training under the Empire Air Training Scheme. Shortly after arrival in Canada Sgt. Davidson was posted to No. 6 Service Flying Training School, Dunnville, Ontario, where he was awarded his flying badge and promoted to Sergeant on the 3rd July, 1941. He was posted to No. 1 M Depot Debert on the 9th July for embarkation to the United Kingdom.

Sgt. Davidson arrived at No. 3 Personnel Reception Centre Bournemouth, on the 16th August, 1941, and on the 21st of the same month was posted to No. 61 Operational Training Unit, Heston, Middlesex, for operational training in Spitfire, Miles Master aircraft. On the completion of the course early in October, 1941, he proceeded to No. 616 Squadron, Kirton-in-Lindsey, Lincolnshire. With the Squadron at Kirton-in-Lindsey and Kingscliffe, Northamptonshire, he carried out twenty-six operational flights, including convoy and offensive patrols and channel sweeps as a pilot on Spitfire aircraft.

On the 13th April, 1942, Sgt. Davidson was the pilot of a Spitfire aircraft which crashed near Peterborough, Northamptonshire, shortly after taking off from King's Cliffe, Sgt. Davidson losing his life. Sgt. Davidson was buried in the All Saints Churchyard, Wittering, Northamptonshire, with service honours.

The following extract is from the Squadron O.R.B.:

April 13. Twelve Yorkshire Press Photographers and reporters visited the Squadron... and gave the Squadron a marvellous 'write-up' in the press. Sgt G L DAVIDSON (RNZAF) very foolishly tried to 'show off' by rolling at one hundred feet and crashed to his death in a field adjoining the airfield. It was an awkward situation for the press to be there and all personnel were warned not to mention the accident.
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CWGC Wittering (All Saints) Churchyard - Wittering, Cambridgeshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Wittering Station Commander Group Captain David Haward left RAF Wittering on the 18th December 1998. His BAe Harrier GR7 ZD434 flew into the ground and exploded near Staindrop, three miles north east of Barnard Castle, County Durham after he lost control during a bomb toss manoeuvre when the aircraft entered cloud. The two other aircraft in the flight circled overhead to identify the site while a 202 Sqn Sea King was scrambled from Leconfield
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CWGC Wittering (All Saints) Churchyard - Wittering, Cambridgeshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Flying Officer John Richard Sewell of 233 Operational Conversion Unit left RAF Wittering on the 28th October 1983 on a sortie to the Holbeach Range, Lincolnshire. After possibly being hit by a ricochet of a shell from the Harrier's own cannon, his aircraft came down and he made no attempt to eject and was killed.
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CWGC Wittering (All Saints) Churchyard - Wittering, Cambridgeshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

On the 16th August 1954, English Electric Canberra B2 WH873 of 76 Squadron crashed at Barnack near Stamford, Lincolnshire. It hit trees bordering Burghley Park, 500 yards from the approach path on night approach to RAF Wittering, Cambridgeshire.

The 3 crew members, including Flight Lieutenant K W Taylor & Flight Lieutenant J K G Marsden, were killed.
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CWGC Wittering (All Saints) Churchyard - Wittering, Cambridgeshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Dominic Page was born in Canterbury on the 6th of February 1922.

On leaving school he enlisted in the Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve on the 17th July 1940 and commenced pilot training as a Leading Aircraftsman in October 1940. He underwent course at both 13 Elementary Flying Training School at Flying Training School Cranwell and 6 Operational Training Unit before qualifying as a Bristol Blenheim pilot in July 1941. He was commissioned as a Pilot Officer on the 13th April 1941 and underwent a lecture on escape and evasion from Squadron Leader Evans at RAF Andover in June 1941. He was posted to 86 Squadron on the 29th of July 1941 where he flew Bristol Beauforts and underwent a further lecture on escape and evasion at RAF North Coates in September 1941.

On the 24th November 1941 he and his crew took off at 4.15pm from RAF North Coates in Beaufort I BX-H AW207 for a mine laying operation over the Frisian coast between Ameland and Schiermonnikoog with one other aircraft from the squadron. On the run in to lay the mine their aircraft was caught in searchlight beams and was hit by flak from the western most Schiermonnikoog anti aircraft batteries and Page altered course for Schiermonnikoog and the polder land on the south side of the island. The aircraft just missed hitting the farm of De Kooi but crash landed in a "perfect wheels up landing" in a meadow just beyond the farm at 6.15pm. Wreckage was spread over 80 metres with one wing ripped off, both engines lost from their mountings and the mine being thrown clear but failing to explode. The crew were uninjured other than Sergeant McCann who suffered a broken collar bone. The crew set fire to the aircraft before they were captured.

The crew was: -

Pilot Officer Dominic Page (Pilot) (POW No.707)
Flying Officer James "Jimmy" McCrae Paxton (Navigator Stalag Luft 3 POW No.708)
Sergeant J.B. Green (Air Gunner Stalag 383 POW No.73)
Sergeant J. McCann (Stalag 383 POW No.79)

The other aircraft from the squadron, Beaufort Mk 1 BX-T AW192, flown by Pilot Officer Denis Richard James Harper was shot down into the sea near Schiermonnikoog with the loss of the entire crew.

He was taken to Dulag Luft, the main Luftwaffe prisoner transit camp at Oberursel, near Frankfurt am Main, on the 30th November 1941 where he was interrogated and was held until the 15th December 1941 when he was transferred to Stalag Luft I at Barth in Pomerania. He remained there until being transferred again, to Stalag Luft III at Sagan in March 1942. He was involved in one escape attempt during his time in captivity but did not get outside the camp perimeter. With the rapid advance of the Red Army in early 1945 the Germans decided to evacuate the camp and to move the 3,000 prisoners further west. The march west began on the 27th January 1945 and finished on the 4th of February at Malag-Milag Nord prisoner of war camp at Tarmstedt near Bremen. He was released when the camp was liberated in April 1945. While in captivity he was promoted to Flying Officer on the 13th April 1942 and to Flight Lieutenant on the 13th April 1943. He was also a keen member of the camp's theatrical troupe.

At the end of the war he returned to the UK where he resumed his flying career after attending a refresher course flying Airspeed Oxfords at 21 (Pilots) Advanced Flying Unit and completed a Blind Approach Training course at RAF Watchfield from the 9th to the 18th of March 1946 where he was assessed as "Average". In December 1945 he returned to King's to play for the OKS XV against the school, returning again in March 1946 to play hockey for the OKS. He underwent a medical examination on the 22nd May 1946 to assess his suitability to work in photographic reconnaissance. He passed this and was posted to 8 Operational Training Unit to convert to Mosquito aircraft.

On the 19th September 1946 he and his Navigator, Flying Officer Francis Colin Ashworth, were briefed for a cross country photographic reconnaissance sortie to be conducted at 24,000 feet. They were to fly a route from their base at RAF Chalgrove via St Abb's Head - York - Bury St Edmunds and to return to Charlgrove. They were to climb to their operation height and take photographs between Newcastle and St Abb's Head. They were fully briefed on the prevailing weather conditions. He took off from RAF Charlgrove at 2.04pm in de Havilland Mosquito PR34 PF651. At 2.22pm he informed his base that his radio reception was very weak and that he was returning to base. He cancelled this message at 2.38pm as the radio was apparently working satisfactorily again. During this time Francis Ashworth was routinely passing messages to control and at 2.46pm he reported that he was changing frequency to RAF Abington although he did not make contact with them. The aircraft was next heard by witnesses on the ground who heard it when it was above cloud in the area of Wittering and the village of Pilsgate. The engine was heard to be "screaming" and it was thought that the pilot was doing aerobatics. Then an explosion was heard after which the engine noise ceased. The aircraft was then seen just below the top cloud layer at 10,000 feet in a diving attitude and with the starboard wing breaking away. The aircraft then climbed momentarily before immediately entering a slow flat spin to starboard during which both engines broke away from the aircraft while the aircraft was still very high. The aircraft continued to disintegrate until it hit the ground at 2.52pm where it exploded into flames, killing both men instantly. Pieces of wreckage continued to come down for some time after the crash.

A Court of Inquiry was convened into the cause of the accident by the Air Officer Commanding, No. 12 Group on the 23rd of September 1946, at which a number of statements were taken from both experts and from witnesses on the ground.

Statement of Mr. G. Barrett, a former Corporal clerk (D.D) Royal Air Force: -

"On the afternoon of 19th September 1946, I was driving a tractor in Mr. Smalley's farm to the S.E. of Uffington Station. I stopped the tractor and looking up towards the west I saw an aircraft flying at high altitude. I watched it for a moment or so and notice small parts coming from it. I then watched it more intently and noticed that it was deficient of a wing. As it got lower and I was able to get a better view, the aircraft appeared to be climbing, but this was only momentary and the nose dropped. The aircraft then went into a very flat spin and disappeared from my view. The next thing I saw was a cloud of black smoke. I estimate the time from the commencement of the spin to the crash as two minutes. Pieces continued to fall after the aircraft had crashed. I noticed one large piece fall and hit the ground and rushed up to look at it. I found it to be part of a wing. It was covered with ice. I estimate the thickness of the ice to be 1/4"

Three German prisoners of war, who were working nearby, attempted to rescue the two men but were beaten back by the flames. Statement of German POW Ulrich Wolfe: -

"At about 14.55 hrs. (he looked at his watch at that moment) on 19.9.46. I was working in a field about half a mile south east of Pilsgate Grange when my attention was attracted by the roar of an aircraft and a bang to the north west. On looking up I saw it at a height of approximately 3 - 2,000 metres. I noticed a wing was off - I think it was the port one. I could see pieces of the aircraft in its immediate vicinity - they were all small pieces. The aircraft immediately put up its nose and went into a spin - I cannot remember which way. It continued spinning until it went out of view behind some trees. I then saw the smoke from the crash. About half way to the ground the engine on the side with the complete wing came out - I knew it was the engine as I could see the propeller turning. I rushed to the crash and found the fire raging. With the help of two comrades we pulled the occupants out but they were dead. the body of the navigator was wearing an oxygen mask but I did not see any safety straps."

The Court concluded that: -

"The accident was due to loss of control followed by the collapse of the starboard wing. Technical evidence suggests that the wing failed due to overstressing probably caused during the pull-out from the resultant dive. Evidence shows that icing conditions were a contributory cause of the loss of control."

The gallant conduct of the three German prisoners was commended by the coroner and they were recommended for early release. On the 3rd of December 1946, during questions to the Secretary of War in the House of Commons, Mr Anthony Greenwood MP asked the Secretary whether the arrangements for the repatriation of the three men, Ulrich Wolfe, Fritz Oeder and Joseph Schoensteiner, had been made. Mr Bellinger replied, "Yes sir, the conduct of these three prisoners of war has resulted in arrangements being made for their repatriation on the 21st December".
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CWGC Wittering (All Saints) Churchyard - Wittering, Cambridgeshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Sergeant George Joseph Giguere of Thessalon, Ontario, Canada and Sergeant Joseph Marcel Gaston Perron of Rock Forest, Province of Quebec, Canada, took off from RAF Kings Cliffe on the 1st February 1943 on a ferry sortie in Vickers Wellington X3361.

Their aircraft crashed soon after takeoff following loss of power to the starboard engine. It is thought that the engine failure was due to excessive ground running before takeoff

Joseph died of his injuries two days after the crash while in Stamford General Infirmary, Rutland
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CWGC Wittering (All Saints) Churchyard - Wittering, Cambridgeshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

On the 29th July 1955, Vickers Valiant of 138 Squadron crashed, killing all four crew members. The plane could be seen bellowing out smoke as it flew towards Barnack, Cambridgeshire.
Just before the crash a police-constable said he saw the aircraft banking at an angle of 45 degrees and very low. As the plane came towards Mill Farm, Pilsgate the wing tip almost touched the ground. A shopkeeper said he saw the doomed aircraft hit an electric pylon and explode about 200 yards from his house.

The main part of the wreckage ended up in an old disused stone quarry known as the "Hills and Holes" but many other parts were scattered over a wide area. An engine landed in the garden of a music teacher on the edge of the village. Other larger pieces landed in a field about 30 yards from where an 82 year old woman and her daughter-in-law were having a meal.
The four crew members who all died in the crash were, Pilot Squadron Leader E. R. Chalk; second pilot and engineer officer, Flight Lieutenant A. G. Allen; the navigator, Flying Officer T. S. Corkin and the signaller, Flying Officer A. R. Lyons.
Flying Officer Lyons baled out but his parachute failed to deploy.

The four crew members are all buried side by side in Wittering churchyard.
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CWGC Wittering (All Saints) Churchyard - Wittering, Cambridgeshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr
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SuffolkBlue

Re: CWGC Cemeteries **updated 20/08/2019**

Postby SuffolkBlue on Thu 03 Oct 2019, 8:21 pm

Back on the A1 and still heading north, the next stop was St. John the Baptist Church in North Luffenham. This churchyard contains two first world war burials, 18 air force second world war casualties and 11 post-war RCAF burials.

The station was built as a training airfield, opening in 1940. It was later taken over by 5 Group of RAF Bomber Command as a heavy bomber base, and was expanded by the building of concrete runways later in the war. In 1951, the station was transferred to the Royal Canadian Air Force to become the temporary home of 1 Fighter Wing, the first Canadian NATO base in Europe. 1 Wing moved to Marville, France in 1955. In late 1955, No. 228 Operational Conversion Unit, temporarily renamed No. 238 OCU, was detached to North Luffenham from RAF Leeming which was having its runways extended to 7000ft to accommodate Gloster Javelins. The OCU remained for over a year before returning to Leeming.

From 1959 to 1963, North Luffenham was the base for PGM-17 Thor intermediate range ballistic missiles, operated by No. 144 Squadron RAF. In 1997, the airfield was transferred to the British Army and became St George's Barracks.

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CWGC North Luffenham (St. John the Baptist) Churchyard - North Luffenham, Rutland, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC North Luffenham (St. John the Baptist) Churchyard - North Luffenham, Rutland, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC North Luffenham (St. John the Baptist) Churchyard - North Luffenham, Rutland, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Sergeant Kenneth Hughes Long lost his life on the 5th March 1943 in Vickers Wellington BK390 when, on a day time training mission from RAF North Luffenham, his aircraft crashed into a village street at Coates near Whittlesey, Cambridgeshire. The aircraft burst into flames destroying the aircraft and a house, tragically killing four members of the crew and four civilians.
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CWGC North Luffenham (St. John the Baptist) Churchyard - North Luffenham, Rutland, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

On the 12th May 1943, Sergeant John Angus Douglas of Thirroul, New South Wales Australia was flying in Vickers Wellington BK123 from RAF North Luffenham on a training flight. After flying local circuits, the aircraft turned north and crashed near Scunthorpe, North Lincolnshire, killing all on board.
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CWGC North Luffenham (St. John the Baptist) Churchyard - North Luffenham, Rutland, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Flying Officer Arthur Edgar Rayner took off from RAF North Luffenham on the 18th April 1952 in Canadair Sabre II F-86E 19181 when he collided with another RCAF Sabre. Both aircraft came down in The Wash.
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CWGC North Luffenham (St. John the Baptist) Churchyard - North Luffenham, Rutland, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

James Donald Dickson was born on the 29th October 1920 at Hammond River, New Brunswick, Canada. He lived in Rothesay, New Brunswick and enlisted in Moncton on 23rd October 1940. Following training in Canada he arrived in the UK on 16th August 1941, were he trained at 23 OTU before being posted to 57 Squadron on 6th November 1941.

He was commissioned as Pilot Officer with effect from 25th June 1942. Following his service with 57 Squadron he was on strength of 57 OTU and 1659 Conversion Unit. He came near to being court-martialled following an accident on 8th October 1942 when piloting Wellington X3719 which hit a power line near North Luffenham, heavy damage was caused to the aircrafts nose, both propellers and starboard mainplane. He then was posted to 419 Squadron on 14th February until 14th June 1943; Whilst there he ran off runway in Halifax JB859 on returning from operations on 13th May 1943; no blame was attached. He subsequently completed two tours and had flown a total of 53 sorties (323 operational hours). He then was posted to 1659 Heavy Conversion Unit on 14th June 1943 to 29th November 1943.

Following his crash at Thirsk on 14th October 1943, detailed above, he was repatriated to Canada on 3rd December 1943 where upon he went to 5 OTU at Boundary Bay before serving with 164 Squadron. His DFM was effective of 16th June 1942 as per London Gazette dated 22nd September 1942 and was presented at Buckingham Palace on the 30th March 1943. The citation reads.. "Flight Sergeant Dickson has acted as captain of aircraft on numerous occasions. Throughout his tour of duty he has executed his tasks with the utmost vigour and determination. Undeterred by bad weather he makes every effort to locate his target and to bomb it accurately. He has participated in attacks on Brest, Hamburg, Lubeck, Rostock, Essen, Emden, and many equally important targets."

His DFC was effective from 1st September 1943 as per London Gazette dated 14th September 1943, he was presented with the DFC on 2nd November 1946. The citation reads.. "This officer has taken part in a large number of flying operations. He has penetrated the defences of the Ruhr on eighteen occasions, in addition to participating in attacks on Berlin, Hamburg and Rostock. In March 1943, in the Bremen area, his aircraft was attacked by a Messerschmitt 110. The enemy fighter was destroyed by the front gunner. Shortly after, another attack was made by a Junkers 88. During the combat which ensued, Pilot Officer Dickson again displayed outstanding airmanship and again furnished his gunners with opportunities for retaliation. His skill undoubtedly made a safe return possible. Pilot Officer Dickson's sustained gallantry over a very long period has been most meritorious." Post war he served with 435 Squadron and 426 Squadron and was awarded the Air Force Cross for services during the Korean Air Lift. He later served with 412 Squadron before his life was cut short. He died of polio in the UK on 26th July 1953.
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CWGC North Luffenham (St. John the Baptist) Churchyard - North Luffenham, Rutland, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC North Luffenham (St. John the Baptist) Churchyard - North Luffenham, Rutland, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

RCAF Canadair Sabre II F-86E 19137 Ran out of fuel in thick fog and crashed near Loughborough, Leicestershire. Flying Officer David Gordon Tracey was found in the cockpit and buried back here near his home base.
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CWGC North Luffenham (St. John the Baptist) Churchyard - North Luffenham, Rutland, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Flying Officer Pattee Vernon Robinson died on the 14th December 1954 when his RCAF Canadair Sabre II F-86E 19234 while on a test flight from Ringway (Manchester Airport) due to this aircraft being re-conditioned before being transferred to the Greek air force.

The Sabre was seen flying low over the Holme Valley in low cloud. The cause of the crash was attributed to pilot error in not taking the high ground into account.
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CWGC North Luffenham (St. John the Baptist) Churchyard - North Luffenham, Rutland, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Navigator Keith Lauchlan Campbell and Air Gunner Richard Hubert Lewis were part of a 4 man crew that took off from RAF North Luffenham in Vickers Wellington BK268 on the 26th February 1943 to attack Cologne. In total, 427 aircraft were involved with 10 losses (2.3%). Most of the bombing fell in the south-west of the city with many industrial, utility and residential buildings badly damaged or destroyed, along with some churches.

Their aircraft crashed near RAF Woolfox Lodge, Rutland on return leg. One engine was on fire at the time and all crew members were killed.
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CWGC North Luffenham (St. John the Baptist) Churchyard - North Luffenham, Rutland, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

The crew of Vickers Wellington N2761 left RAF Westcott on the 6th February 1943 on a night cross country training flight carrying eight flash bombs, a photoflash, camera and IFF.

At 10,000 feet the port motor burst into flames and the Wellington was partially abandoned at 5,000 feet before crashing at 00.50 hrs at Fletcher field near Ashley, Corby, Northamptonshire.

Air Bomber Eric Norman Common and Pilot Tom Lindley were killed in the crash.
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CWGC North Luffenham (St. John the Baptist) Churchyard - North Luffenham, Rutland, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Wireless Operator Ronald George Walters of Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, was killed on the 29th August 1942 when his Vickers Wellington DV834 crashed on a night training flight from North Luffenham. The aircraft stalled and burst into flames as it hit the ground after swinging violently on take off.
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CWGC North Luffenham (St. John the Baptist) Churchyard - North Luffenham, Rutland, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Observer Hugh Morrison and Pilot James Roslyn Young were part of a 3 man crew in Bristol Blenheim L9206 that took off from RAF Bicester for day navigation training on the 2nd May 1942.

Their aircraft crashed 8 miles east of Leicester. The aircraft was seen to dive almost vertically, hit the ground and explode. All 3 crew were killed. The third crew member, Pilot George William Boggess is buried in his home town on Merseyside.
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CWGC North Luffenham (St. John the Baptist) Churchyard - North Luffenham, Rutland, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

On the 12th April 1942, Handley Page Hampden AT155 stalled and crashed near Oakham, Rutland when on an air test from RAF North Luffenham. Pilot David Lloyd Carnegy Liddell of Balfour, Southland, New Zealand, was killed along with his crew member.
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CWGC North Luffenham (St. John the Baptist) Churchyard - North Luffenham, Rutland, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

On the 9th March 1942, Handley Page Hampden AD842 crashed on the flare path at RAF North Luffenham 4 minutes after take off for a mine sweeping operation. 3 of the 4 crew members were killed

Crew
Pilot: Sgt D C Hunter RCAF Injured

Observer: 1166456 Sgt Richard Ball Calow Congregational Chapelyard Derbyshire

Wireless Operator/Air Gunner: R/68538 Flt Sgt Fernand Fagan MacKinnon RCAF North Luffenham (St John the Baptist)

Wireless Operator/Air Gunner: 751295 Sgt William Douglas Morris North Luffenham (St John the Baptist)
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CWGC North Luffenham (St. John the Baptist) Churchyard - North Luffenham, Rutland, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

On the 9th March 1942, Handley Page Hampden AD842 crashed on the flare path at RAF North Luffenham 4 minutes after take off for a mine sweeping operation. 3 of the 4 crew members were killed

Crew
Pilot: Sgt D C Hunter RCAF Injured

Observer: 1166456 Sgt Richard Ball Calow Congregational Chapelyard Derbyshire

Wireless Operator/Air Gunner: R/68538 Flt Sgt Fernand Fagan MacKinnon RCAF North Luffenham (St John the Baptist)

Wireless Operator/Air Gunner: 751295 Sgt William Douglas Morris North Luffenham (St John the Baptist)

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CWGC North Luffenham (St. John the Baptist) Churchyard - North Luffenham, Rutland, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Wireless Operator Albert Barclay Wright lost his life on the 25th January 1942 when his Handley Page Hampden AD782 dived into the ground from 1,500 feet shortly after take-off from RAF Luffenham for a raid on Brest.
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CWGC North Luffenham (St. John the Baptist) Churchyard - North Luffenham, Rutland, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

On the 9th November 1941, the crew of Handley Page Hampden AE311 took off from RAF North Luffenham to bomb the Blohm and Voss submarine works at Hamburg,

After completing the raid and arriving back to base, their aircraft swung on touch down & collided with airfield control caravan. Aircraftsman Frederick George Malin and Aircraftsman George Roberts who were in the caravan, were killed. The crew escaped largely unhurt.
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CWGC North Luffenham (St. John the Baptist) Churchyard - North Luffenham, Rutland, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

On the 7th September 1941, Wireless Operator Eric Horton was part of a 4 man crew in Handley Page Hampden AE304 when it crashed near Stamford, 3 minutes after taking off from RAF North Luffenham to raid Berlin. All 4 crew members were killed.
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CWGC North Luffenham (St. John the Baptist) Churchyard - North Luffenham, Rutland, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Observer Harold Douglas Weaver lost his life, along with his 3 crew members, when their Handley Page Hampden X3030 of 144 Squadron crashed after take off from RAF North Luffenham to raid Frankfurt on the 20th September 1941.
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CWGC North Luffenham (St. John the Baptist) Churchyard - North Luffenham, Rutland, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

It was then the short hop across the border into Northamptonshire to visit the Kettering London Road Cemetery. There are a number of CWGC burials across the site, with some forming a small war graves plot.

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CWGC Kettering (London Road) Cemetery - Kettering, Northamptonshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

On the 19th February 1945, Flying Officer Douglas Richard Gould was taking part in a cross-country flying training exercise in Avro Lancaster NE179 when, while in the process of changing fuel tanks at 21,000ft, the aircraft dived out of control, making baling out extremely difficult. Nevertheless most, if not all, were successful, however many did so from less than 500' and were badly injured as a result. Crashed at Kingston, East Lothian.

Douglas and one other crew member did not make it out of the aircraft and is buried here in his home town.
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CWGC Kettering (London Road) Cemetery - Kettering, Northamptonshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Sergeant Peter Morris was the Flight Engineer on Avro Lancaster LM176 when it took off from RAF Kirmington, North Lincolnshire on the night of the 4th December 1944, to raid Karlsruhe. On return the Lancaster spun and crashed into Brocklesby Park, close to the airfield.

He was one of 6 crew members killed in the crash.
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CWGC Kettering (London Road) Cemetery - Kettering, Northamptonshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Kettering (London Road) Cemetery - Kettering, Northamptonshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Kettering (London Road) Cemetery - Kettering, Northamptonshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Pilot Officer Raymond Mayhew Lewin GC of the Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve (RAFVR) was awarded the George Cross for the courage he showed in rescuing his co-pilot from their burning plane on 3 November 1940 in Malta.

The citation was published in the London Gazette of 7 March 1941

In November, 1940, Sergeant Lewin was the captain of an aircraft on a night bombing mission. Shortly after the take off the aircraft began to sink and crashed into a hillside where it burst into flames. Sergeant Lewin extricated himself and saw three of his crew of four climbing out of the escape hatch. He ordered them to run clear. He then ran round the blazing wing in which full petrol tanks were burning and crawled under it to rescue his injured second pilot. Despite his own injuries - a cracked kneecap and severe contusions on the face and legs - he dragged and carried the pilot some 40 yards from the aircraft to a hole in the ground, where he lay on him just as the bombs exploded. This superbly gallant deed was performed in the dark under most difficult conditions and in the certain knowledge that the bombs and petrol tanks would explode.

On the 21st November 1941 he was killed flying in Vickers Wellington T2552 on a training flight which crashed near Oakington, Cambridgeshire.

He is buried here in is home town of Kettering.
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CWGC Kettering (London Road) Cemetery - Kettering, Northamptonshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Kettering (London Road) Cemetery - Kettering, Northamptonshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

After returning from Koln on the 31st May 1942 and attempting an emergency landing near a flour mill at Soham 13 miles NE of Cambridge, Vickers Wellington Ic overturned and crashed. Sergeant Donald George Green was one of crew members killed in the crash.
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CWGC Kettering (London Road) Cemetery - Kettering, Northamptonshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Sergeant Alexander Richard Minney of Candleriggs, Glasgow, lost his life on the night of the 27th September 1942 when the Armstrong Whitworth Whitley BD376 crashed whilst in landing pattern at RAF Stanton Harcourt on a training flight and burst into flames on impact.
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CWGC Kettering (London Road) Cemetery - Kettering, Northamptonshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Wireless Operator Sergeant Arthur Marlow and the rest of his crew took off in Vickers Wellington BK268 from RAF Croft to attack Cologne.

Mission :

427 aircraft, 10 losses (2.3%). Most of the bombing fell in the south-west of the city with many industrial, utility and residential buildings badly damaged or destroyed, along with some churches.

His aircraft, with one engine on fire, crashed near Woolfox Lodge, Rutland, on the return leg.
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CWGC Kettering (London Road) Cemetery - Kettering, Northamptonshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Kettering (London Road) Cemetery - Kettering, Northamptonshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Kettering (London Road) Cemetery - Kettering, Northamptonshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Kettering (London Road) Cemetery - Kettering, Northamptonshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Leading Aircraftman RN Stan Palmer went to Kettering Central School where he was considered to be an above average pupil. He joined the Fleet Air Arm towards the end of the war and was based at HMS Nightjar, a shore based station near Elswick, Lancashire, on the Fylde coast. He was on anti-submarine work and had been recommended for promotion to Petty officer. He was killed in a flying accident over the Isle of Man on the 12th May 1945, flying in a Fairey Barracuda bomber. The crew of three, including Stan, were all killed.
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CWGC Kettering (London Road) Cemetery - Kettering, Northamptonshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr
User avatar
SuffolkBlue

Re: CWGC Cemeteries **updated 03/10/2019**

Postby SuffolkBlue on Fri 04 Oct 2019, 4:18 pm

After leaving Kettering I visited 2 sites in the county town, Northampton. The first of these was Kingsthorpe Cemetery.

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CWGC Northampton (Kingsthorpe) Cemetery - Northampton, Northamptonshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Wireless Operator Reginald William Bodsworth was part of a crew that took off on the 20th February 1944 in Short Sunderland W6028 to simulate a fight with a Bristol Beaufighter of 235 Squadron. 235 Squadron had been sent to Fermanagh to help cover convoys.

The training exercise involved both planes flying low and fast. The Sunderland approached St Angelo airfield, County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland from the north-east following the line of the road. The catastrophic damage was caused in trying to avoid a small hill in Trory near the coast.

Coming down on a road in the area from where the Devenish ferry sails, the Flying Boat was so low that the damaged wing cut telephone lines. It came down in the fields near St Angelo at 1250hrs.

Of the ten-man crew, eight were injured including Sergeant S Ford, Sergeant SB Irving, Flying Officer A Tomlinson, Flying Officer IF Dotwiller, Flight Sergeant BF Jones, Sergeant TH Chappel, Sergeant JS Eadie, and Sergeant GS Fleming. The aircrew was made up of both the Royal Air Force and Royal Canadian Air Force.

Sergeant Reginald William Bodsworth died the following day as a result of his injuries. Air-gunner Leslie Arthur Hebenton died at the scene.

A local man, James Lunny, received a bravery medal for his help in assisting survivors. The broken up plane was strewn across the field and caught fire.
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CWGC Northampton (Kingsthorpe) Cemetery - Northampton, Northamptonshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Northampton (Kingsthorpe) Cemetery - Northampton, Northamptonshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

On the 2nd February 1941, 255 Squadron Boulton Paul Defiant I N3306 stalled on final approach at RAF Kirton-in-Lindsey, Lincolnshire, due to pilot error on a training flight.

Sgt Alan R Jacobs is buried here in his home town of Northampton.
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CWGC Northampton (Kingsthorpe) Cemetery - Northampton, Northamptonshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Northampton (Kingsthorpe) Cemetery - Northampton, Northamptonshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

On the 9th March 1944, Air Bomber John MacMillan-Clark and crew of Handley Page Halifax V, DJ998, 1667 Heavy Conversion Unit, took off from RAF Sandtoft, North Lincolnshire at 13.30hrs on a training flight for dual circuits and landings. Only 5 minutes into the flight, Halifax spun into the ground from 700ft, bursting into flames as it impacted at Belton, roughly 7 miles west-south-west from Scunthorpe, Lincolnshire. Four of the seven man crew were buried at Harrogate (Stonefall) Cemetery, while the other's, including John, were buried in their home towns.
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CWGC Northampton (Kingsthorpe) Cemetery - Northampton, Northamptonshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

On the 12th August 1941, Observer Stanley Charles Mayes and his crew boarded Handley Page Halifax L9562 at RAF Middleton St. George, County Durham for an operation to Berlin. After receiving flak damage over the target, they managed to get the aircraft back to home skies were it burst into flames and crashed. Stanley is buried here in his home town.
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CWGC Northampton (Kingsthorpe) Cemetery - Northampton, Northamptonshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Blackburn Botha I W5180 took off from R.A.F. Evanton, Ross and Cromarty, Scotland, crashed on the airfield at approximately 17.35 hours on the 21st May 1942. Rear Gunner LAC Aubrey, E. F.F.30756 was extricated from the gun turret, removed to S.S.Q. for emergency treatment and then transferred to Fort George Military Hospital where he subsequently died from shock resulting from third degree burns to right hand and right leg and extensive second degree burns to the rest of his body. The other three occupants of the aircraft, F/Sgt Ian Telfer 1059804, LAC Leslie Hutt 1216327 1216327, Cpl Ernest Alexander Gournac F.F.30764 received severe multiple injuries from which they almost certainly were instantly killed and were subsequently grossly burned. The bodies were eventually removed from the aircraft and transferred to the Station Mortuary.
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CWGC Northampton (Kingsthorpe) Cemetery - Northampton, Northamptonshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Northampton (Kingsthorpe) Cemetery - Northampton, Northamptonshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Wireless Operator Ernest Maurice Hollowell and his 4 crew members of 420 Sqn took off from RAF Middleton St. George, County Durham for a navigation exercise training flight on the 1st March 1943.

Half an hour after taking off the aircraft was seen flying level and at a height of around 2,000 feet near Danby Wiske. Without warning to witnesses on the ground the port wing was seen to collapse and break off resulting in the aircraft then diving into the ground from around 1,500 feet. There was no time for anyone to escape the aircraft and all on board were sadly killed. An investigation found that a failure in joints in the main spar had resulted in the port main plane collapsing.
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CWGC Northampton (Kingsthorpe) Cemetery - Northampton, Northamptonshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Then it was the short drive across town to visit Towcester Road Cemetery. Here there is a large war grave plot with the vast majority of the casualties being from first world war.
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CWGC Northampton (Towcester Road) Cemetery - Northampton, Northamptonshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

William Argyle Campbell was born at Flemington, Victoria, Australia in 1894.

He enlisted in Perth, Western Australia on the 5th January, 1917 with the Australian Imperial Force and was posted to Railways Corps on the 10th January, 1917 for recruit training.

After arriving in England on the 27th April, 1917, he was soon leaving to France via Southampton on the 17th May 1917 and joined the 5th R.O.C. (Railway Operating Group) in
After a period of leave in England from the the 3rd August to the 19th August, 1918, he was sent back to France and soon promoted to 2nd Corporal on 7th September, 1918.

On the 3rd November, 1918, he was admitted to the 7th Canadian General Hospital at Etaples, France, with influenza and then transferred by ambulance train 37 on the 6th November, 1918. He embarked from France for England on Hospital Ship Princess Elizabeth on the 6th November, 1918.
After being admitted to Northamptonshire War Hospital, he died at 8 am on 11th November 1918, Armistice Day.
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CWGC Northampton (Towcester Road) Cemetery - Northampton, Northamptonshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Northampton (Towcester Road) Cemetery - Northampton, Northamptonshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Wireless Operator Arthur Alfred Chambers was killed whilst flying in Vickers Wellington III, DF743 of No 22 OTU, when it flew into the ground after emerging from cloud at Withington, Gloucestershire, during a cross-country training flight from RAF Gaydon, Warwickshire.
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CWGC Northampton (Towcester Road) Cemetery - Northampton, Northamptonshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

George Reeve was born in Spratton, Northamptonshire on the 21st February 1886. He was one of four Reeve brothers who served in the First World War – George, Richard (known as Harry), Samuel and Sidney. Harry was the only one to survive.

As a regular soldier, he was sent to France with the British Expeditionary Force in August 1914 as soon as war was declared. He served with great distinction throughout, fighting at Mons in 1914 as well as the battles of the Marne, the Aisne, La Bassee, Ypres, Neuve Chapelle , Festubert, Loos, the Somme, Arras and Cambrai right through to early 1918. He was wounded in action at least four times, commissioned in the field for gallantry and won both the Military Medal and the Military Cross. George was promoted from Sergeant to acting Regimental Sergeant Major on the 19th April 1915 and by November of that year he had been commissioned as a Second Lieutenant. He was mentioned in Sir John French’s New Year despatches on the 1st January 1916 and promoted to full Lieutenant on the 5th February 1918.

In the early summer of 1915 George was on patrol duty near Hill 60, south of Ypres, when he was wounded in the head by a hand grenade. He was awarded the Military Medal for gallantry and good service at the Second Battle of Ypres in 1915 and also received his commission.

He was wounded again on 18 January 1916 while raiding enemy trenches near Beaumont Hamel in the Somme area. He and another injured officer were dragged to safety by an orderly under constant heavy fire. (The orderly was subsequently awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal.) George was treated in the Red Cross hospital at Rouen and then sent home to England. He was back at the front line again later in the year and took over command of C Company, Royal Irish Fusiliers. He was wounded fighting around Guillemont and Ginchy during the final stages of the battle of the Somme on the 12th October 1916. He was treated in the military hospital at Etaples for a leg wound and shell shock and then transferred to England for further treatment.

On the 3rd May 1917 his Company was held up on the Roeux-Gravrelle Road by heavy machine gun fire from the south and the north and there were many casualties. His men were mixed up with men of other battalions. George, despite being wounded, collected together all the Irish Fusiliers, re-organised them, and dug in on a line from west of the Chateau to the railway embankment where he established himself and remained until recalled by order some hours later. He was successful in withdrawing with few casualties and bringing his wounded with him. His gallantry and devotion to duty were recognised by the award of the Military Cross and he returned to London where he was presented with his medal by King George V at Buckingham Palace.

The citation for the Military Cross, published in the London Gazette on 18 July 1917, reads:

“For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. He showed great resource and determination in assuming command of his company when all other officers were casualties, in reorganising men of other companies, in digging in and maintaining his position. He subsequently withdrew and brought all his wounded with him. His skill was most marked.”

Late in 1918, George was sent back to England and attached to the 52nd Battalion, King’s Royal Rifle Corps at Colchester, Essex. He was killed in a road accident on the 14th October 1918. He was walking from the Barracks towards Colchester when he was hit by a taxi. He suffered a fractured skull and died the following morning in hospital.
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CWGC Northampton (Towcester Road) Cemetery - Northampton, Northamptonshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Walter Charles Ebden Cox was born at Sale, Gippsland, Victoria in 1883. He enlisted at Bairnsdale, Victoria on the 20th March, 1915 with the Australian Imperial Force (A.I.F.). His service number was 852. His next of kin was listed as his mother.

Walter was posted to Depot Battalion on the 31st March, 1915 for recruit training and transferred to “D” Company of 24th Battalion on the 28th April 1915. He embarked from Melbourne, Victoria on HMAT Euripides (A14) on the 10th May 1915 with the 6th Infantry Brigade, 24th Infantry Battalion, “D” Company and proceeded to join M.E.F. (Mediterranean Expeditionary Force) on Gallipoli Peninsula on the 30th August 1915.

He disembarked at Alexandria from Mudros on the 10th January 1916 to join the B.E.F. (British Expeditionary Force) and landed in Marseilles on the 26th March 1916.

On the 5th August 1916 he was “evacuated wounded” in France and admitted to 4th Field
Ambulance with a gun shot wound to his spine and shell shock. He sailed for England at Boulogne on Hospital Ship Stad Antwerpen on the 14th August 1916. He was admitted to Northampton War Hospital, England on 14th August 1916.

His condition was reported as “no improvement” on the 3rd September 1916 & “somewhat weaker” on the 5th September, 1916.

He died on 22nd September, 1916 at War Hospital, Duston, Northampton.
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CWGC Northampton (Towcester Road) Cemetery - Northampton, Northamptonshire, Monday 12th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr
User avatar
SuffolkBlue

Re: CWGC Cemeteries **updated 04/10/2019**

Postby hedgerowops1 on Mon 07 Oct 2019, 5:40 pm

Thanks for takeing the time and trouble to publish all of this I have found it all very interesting, I was at the Yeovilton airday when the harrier pilot got killed heard a bang looked across and saw everyone running to where the harrier was parked so sad.
regards Chris
hedgerowops1

Re: CWGC Cemeteries **updated 04/10/2019**

Postby SuffolkBlue on Fri 11 Oct 2019, 10:04 pm

Another local day tour coming up...this time around the vicinity of North East Essex.

Colchester Cemetery was opened in 1856. There are 267 Commonwealth burials of the first world war here, most of which are scattered around the site. However, there are a number of "small plots" around the cemetery, including 11 Australian graves.

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CWGC Colchester Cemetery - Colchester, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Colchester Cemetery - Colchester, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Colchester Cemetery - Colchester, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Colchester Cemetery - Colchester, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Colchester Cemetery - Colchester, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Colchester Cemetery - Colchester, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Colchester Cemetery - Colchester, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Colchester Cemetery - Colchester, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Colchester Cemetery - Colchester, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Colchester Cemetery - Colchester, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Colchester Cemetery - Colchester, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

There are also 114 Commonwealth burials of the second world war and post-war here, 1 of which is unidentified. In the early months of the second world war, shortly after the enlargement of the cemetery, land was set aside in the newer part for service war burials. This is now the War Graves Plot.

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CWGC Colchester Cemetery - Colchester, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Colchester Cemetery - Colchester, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Colchester Cemetery - Colchester, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Colchester Cemetery - Colchester, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Colchester Cemetery - Colchester, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

After leaving Colchester I paid a visit to the first coastal location, Clacton-on-Sea. Here there are 2 small war grave plots in the town's main cemetery.
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CWGC Clacton Cemetery - Clacton-on-Sea, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Walter Ernest Herriot was born at Glen Waverley, Victoria, Australia, in 1895.

He enlisted on the 14th July 1915 with the Australian Imperial Force (A.I.F.). As he was under the age of 21, his mother was required to sign her consent for her son to enlist in the Australian Imperial Force for active service abroad. He embarked from Melbourne, Victoria on HMAT Nestor on the 11th October, 1915 with the 7th Infantry Battalion, 11th Reinforcements.

He was taken on strength of 59th Battalion at Tel-el-Kebir, Egypt on the 26th February, 1916 before embarking from Alexandria to join the British Expeditionary Force in June of that year.

The next month he was wounded in action in France on the 19th July and admitted to 32nd Stationary Hospital at Wimereux, France on the 21st July with gunshot wounds to his right groin. From there he arrived in Boulogne and onwards to England on Hospital Ship Cambria.

On the 14th August, he passed away at Middlesex Hospital, Clacton-on-Sea.


War Diary – 59th Battalion
SAILLY – 19th July, 1916:
12 Noon – Heavy bombardment of enemy lines. 60th Battalion relieved half our front from PINNEY AVENUE
inclusive.
7 pm - 59th Battn attacked enemy position in four waves. First wave going over parapet at 6.45 pm other three
waves following at five minute interval. Attack did not penetrate enemy trenches held up by intense rifle and machine
gun fire approximately 100 yds from enemy front line.
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CWGC Clacton Cemetery - Clacton-on-Sea, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

HMS Conquest was a C-class light cruiser of the Royal Navy that saw service during World War I. She was part of the Caroline group of the C class. Constructed by Chatham Dockyard, Conquest was laid down on the 3rd March 1914, launched on 20th January 1915, and completed in June 1915.

Conquest was commissioned into service in the Royal Navy in June 1915. She was assigned to the 5th Light Cruiser Squadron in Harwich Force, which operated in the North Sea to guard the eastern approaches to the Strait of Dover and English Channel.

In August 1915, she was among the ships which took part in the pursuit of the Imperial German Navy auxiliary cruiser Meteor in the North Sea which resulted in Meteor scuttling herself on the 9th August 1915. She covered the force that carried out the Royal Naval Air Service seaplane raid on the German Navy airship hangars at Tondern, then in northern Germany, on the 24th March 1916.

On the 28th March 1916, all 39 men were lost in a snowstorm off Harwich on one of the ship's boats, listed as a whaler, when returning from shore leave to the ship.
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CWGC Clacton Cemetery - Clacton-on-Sea, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Clacton Cemetery - Clacton-on-Sea, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Lance Corporal Albert James Thomson was wounded in action in France on the 8th August, 1916 and admitted to the 4th Field Ambulance the same day with a gunshot wound to his right leg.
He was admitted on the 10th August to the 2nd Australian General Hospital at Wimereux, France with shrapnel wounds to his buttock & fractured femur.

After arriving in England he admitted to the Middlesex Hospital here in Clacton-on-Sea. He died at 2.45 am on 14th August 1916 from wounds received in action in France – Gas, gangrene & shock.
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CWGC Clacton Cemetery - Clacton-on-Sea, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Clacton Cemetery - Clacton-on-Sea, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

On the 10th August 1943, Wireless Operator Frank Pearce was on board Airspeed Oxford I X6807, when after vibration affected control while on searchlight cooperation mission, his aircraft crashed and he was killed.
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CWGC Clacton Cemetery - Clacton-on-Sea, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

SS British Fortune was a 4,696 GRT steam tanker that was sunk on the 31st October 1941 after being bombed by an aircraft 1 mile from Aldeburgh Light Buoy, Suffolk.
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CWGC Clacton Cemetery - Clacton-on-Sea, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Clacton Cemetery - Clacton-on-Sea, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Next it was to the All Saints Churchyard Extension just up the road in Walton-on-the-Naze. This extension forms a small park on the opposite side of the road to the church, with various memorials to the armed forces. It's up there with some of the quaintest locations I have been to so far.

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CWGC Walton-on-the-Naze (All Saints) Churchyard Extension - Walton-on-the-Naze, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Walton-on-the-Naze (All Saints) Churchyard Extension - Walton-on-the-Naze, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Walton-on-the-Naze (All Saints) Churchyard Extension - Walton-on-the-Naze, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Herbert George Columbine was private in the 9th Squadron, Machine Gun Corps, British Army during the First World War when the action for which he was awarded the VC took place.

On the 22nd March 1918 at Hervilly Wood, France, Private Columbine took over command of a Vickers gun and kept firing it from 9 a.m. to 1 p.m. in an isolated position with no wire in front. During this time wave after wave of the enemy failed to get up to him, but at last with the help of a low-flying aircraft the enemy managed to gain a strong foothold in the trench. As the position was now untenable, Private Columbine told the two remaining men to get away, and although he was being bombed on either side, he kept his gun firing, inflicting losses, until he was killed by a bomb which blew him up along with his gun.

He is named on the Pozières Memorial, in the Somme, to the missing of the Fifth Army.
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CWGC Walton-on-the-Naze (All Saints) Churchyard Extension - Walton-on-the-Naze, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

In one corner of the park, buried together, are more victims of HMS Conquest who lost their lives in the March 1916 snowstorm.
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CWGC Walton-on-the-Naze (All Saints) Churchyard Extension - Walton-on-the-Naze, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Walton-on-the-Naze (All Saints) Churchyard Extension - Walton-on-the-Naze, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Walton-on-the-Naze (All Saints) Churchyard Extension - Walton-on-the-Naze, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Walton-on-the-Naze (All Saints) Churchyard Extension - Walton-on-the-Naze, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Walton-on-the-Naze (All Saints) Churchyard Extension - Walton-on-the-Naze, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Dovercourt is a small seaside town in the Tendring district of Essex, near Harwich. There are 2 CWGC locations in the town within a short walk away from each other. The first of these I visited was the town's cemetery, where there is a small war grave plot with the rest of the burials scattered around the site.

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CWGC Dovercourt Cemetery - Dovercourt, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Dovercourt Cemetery - Dovercourt, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Elpenor was built in 1917 by Hawthorn Leslie & Co. at Newcastle with a tonnage of 7601grt, a length of 455ft 4in, a beam of 56ft 4in and a service speed of 11 knots.

Following completion she commenced her first voyage under the Liner Requisition Scheme from Tyneside to Baltimore via the Mediterranean and in 1918 was used as a troop ship between Liverpool and Dublin.

She was handed over to her new owners, China Mutual Steam Navigation Co., in January 1919.

She was transferred to Glen Line in April 1935 and renamed SS Glenfinlas. On 6th April 1941 she survived an air attack by German bombers off the coast near Harwich, but 11 of her Chinese crew members were killed.
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CWGC Dovercourt Cemetery - Dovercourt, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Dovercourt Cemetery - Dovercourt, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Dovercourt Cemetery - Dovercourt, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Dovercourt Cemetery - Dovercourt, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

The British steamship SS Skagerak left the Tyne to head to Ipswich but struck a mine, broke in two and sank on the 24 August 1941. Seventeen of her crew and the pilot were lost.
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CWGC Dovercourt Cemetery - Dovercourt, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Dovercourt Cemetery - Dovercourt, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Armstrong Whitlworth Whitley V, BD228, crashed on its return to RAF Temspford after the Operation LUCKYSHOT 8 / GRANTHAM I to Belgium on the 22nd October 1942.

The pilot, P/O Wreford William George Smith DFC, RAFVR was killed, and F/Sgt Ward - Navigator and Sgt Lamont the 2nd Pilot, were both injured.
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CWGC Dovercourt Cemetery - Dovercourt, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Dovercourt Cemetery - Dovercourt, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

SS Copenhagen was a passenger vessel built for the Great Eastern Railway in 1907. The ship was built by John Brown of Clydebank as one of a contract for three new steamers and launched on 22 October 1907. She was placed on the Harwich to Hook of Holland route.

On the 5th March 1917, she was torpedoed and sunk in the North Sea 8 nautical miles (15 km) east of the Noord Hinder Lightship by SM UC-61 with the loss of six lives. Fireman L J Randall passed away on the 13th March 1917 from injuries sustained in the attack.
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CWGC Dovercourt Cemetery - Dovercourt, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

The Rohilla was ordered in 1905 by the British India Steam Navigation Company (BI) from Harland & Wolff Ltd of Belfast. Although ordered for the London to Calcutta service, increased competition prompted BI to design theship to be suitable also as a troopship.

The steamship was named Rohilla in honour of the Rohillas, Pashtun highlanders who lived in Rohilkhand, east of Delhi, in the modern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.

Rohilla was called up at the outset of the First World War and converted into a naval hospital ship. HMHS Rohilla had only a short life in that role. On the 30th October 1914, sailing from South Queensferry, Firth of Forth for Dunkerque to evacuate wounded soldiers, the ship ran aground on Saltwick Nab, a reef about a mile east of Whitby, North Riding of Yorkshire, during a gale, as the lighthouses were unlit due to the war. The ship soon broke it's back.

Over the next three days, some of those who attempted to swim to safety in the raging seas were rescued, though many were lost, and lifeboats were able to rescue others. In all, 146 of the 229 on board, including Captain Neilson and all the nurses, as well as Titanic survivor Mary Kezia Roberts, survived.

Captain Nielson believed that the ship had struck a mine before grounding. An inquest jury exonerated Nielson from all blame and recommended that all passenger vessels carry rocket apparatus rather than rely on rockets fired to the ship from shore, and also that a motor lifeboat be stationed at Whitby.

The Gold Medal of the Royal National Lifeboat Institution, the highest honour the institute could award, was presented to Superintendent Major H. E. Burton and Coxswain Robert Smith of the Tynemouth lifeboat Henry Vernon and to Coxswain Thomas Langlands of the Whitby lifeboat. The Empire Gallantry Medal (subsequently changed to the George Cross) was awarded to Burton and Smith in 1924. In 1917 a monument was erected at Whitby by the British India Steam Navigation Company, commemorating all those who lost their lives in the tragedy.
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CWGC Dovercourt Cemetery - Dovercourt, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

After taking the short walk I arrived at All Saints Churchyard. To say the churchyard was overgrown is rather a big understatement and it was a bit tricky locating some of the CWGC plots. However it did highlight the lengths the organisation go to in maintaining their sites, as every plot had been mowed and cared despite the jungle of grass and weeds, in this quiet corner of Essex.

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CWGC Dovercourt (All Saints) Churchyard - Dovercourt, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Dovercourt (All Saints) Churchyard - Dovercourt, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Dovercourt (All Saints) Churchyard - Dovercourt, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Dovercourt (All Saints) Churchyard - Dovercourt, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

The L.N.E.R. Ship s.s. Amsterdam was a regular passenger ship sailing from Harwich to the Hook of Holland, with nearly all the crew coming from Harwich and Lowestoft. During the Battle of the Falaise Pocket in Normandy, casualties were evacuated aboard the Hospital Carrier Amsterdam. She made several successful Channel crossings where soldiers were taken to English ports but she struck a mine on the 7th August 1944. The engine room was destroyed along with about half of the craft and it started to list.

The QAs on board were up against the clock to get their patients below decks to the safety of the lifeboats. This quickly became dangerous and those patients who had lost lower limbs were helpless. The Sister in charge was Miss Dorothy Anyta Field of the QAIMNS and she bravely returned to the lower decks with fellow Sister Molly Evershed. Together they rescued 75 men even though the deck was angled to the surface of the water. Without a thought to their own safety they returned once more to rescue the wounded soldiers and sadly the Hospital Carrier Amsterdam sank taking the two QA Sisters with her.

Fifty-five wounded men were lost as were ten medical staff and thirty crew members. Also lost were eleven German prisoners of war.

In total, 106 people lost their lives, including Greaser G H Kettle.
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CWGC Dovercourt (All Saints) Churchyard - Dovercourt, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

On the 18th July 1915, the tanker SS Batoum was damaged in the North Sea, 5 kilometers east of the Southwold Lighthouse, Suffolk by the Imperial German Navysubmarine SM UB-17 with the loss of six of her crew. She was beached but was later refloated, repaired, and returned to service.
ImageCWGC Dovercourt (All Saints) Churchyard - Dovercourt, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Dovercourt (All Saints) Churchyard - Dovercourt, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Charles Algernon Fryatt was born on the 2nd December 1872 in Southampton before he and his family moved to Harwich.

On leaving school, Fryatt entered the Mercantile Marine, serving on SS County Antrim, SS Ellenbank, SS Marmion and SS Harrogate. In 1892, Fryatt joined the Great Eastern Railway as a seaman on SS Ipswich. Fryatt's father had been the First Officer on SS Cambridge. Fryatt rose through the ranks, serving on various ships. His first command was SS Colchester. In 1913, he was appointed master of SS Newmarket.

On the 3rd March 1915, Fryatt's command, SS Wrexham, a Great Central Railway ship, was attacked by a German U-boat. The ship was chased for 40 nautical miles (74 km). With deckhands assisting the stokers, the vessel made 16 knots (30 km/h) when it would normally have been pushed to make 14 knots (26 km/h). Wrexham arrived at Rotterdam with burnt funnels. The Great Eastern Railway presented Fryatt with a gold watch for this feat. The watch was inscribed Presented to Captain C. A. Fryatt by the chairman and Directors of the G.E Railway Company as a mark of their appreciation of his courage and skilful seamanship on March 2nd, 1915. Later that month he was in charge of Colchester when it was unsuccessfully attacked by a U-boat.


On the 28th March 1915, as captain of the SS Brussels, he was ordered to stop by U-33 when his ship was near the Maas lightvessel. Seeing the U-boat had surfaced to torpedo his ship, Fryatt ordered full steam ahead and proceeded to try to ram U-33, which was forced to crash dive. This action was in compliance with orders issued by Winston Churchill to captains of merchant ships. These orders included treating the crews of U-boats as felons and not as prisoners of war, in consideration of the German Empire's policy of unrestricted submarine warfare. White flags were to be ignored. Churchill's order also stated that survivors from U-boats might be shot if this was more convenient than taking them prisoner. If a captain were to surrender his ship he would be prosecuted by the British. The Germans became aware of these orders when they found a copy of them upon capturing the SS Ben Cruachan in October 1915. For this second action, Fryatt was awarded a gold watch by the Admiralty. The watch was inscribed Presented by the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty to Chas. Algernon Fryatt Master of the S.S. 'Brussels' in recognition of the example set by that vessel when attacked by a German submarine on March 28th, 1915.

On the 25th June 1916, Brussels left Hoek van Holland bound for Harwich. Lights were shown from the beach and a flare was fired. A passenger is reported to have remained on deck and signalled to shore. Five German destroyers surrounded Brussels and the passengers were told to prepare to take to the lifeboats and orders were given for official papers to be destroyed, which was done successfully. Brussels was taken by the Germans, and the radio was destroyed. She was escorted into Zeebrugge and then to Bruges.

Fryatt and his crew were sent to the civilian internment camp at Ruhleben, near Berlin. On the 16th July 1916, it was reported in the Dutch newspaper De Telegraaf that Fryatt had been charged with sinking a German submarine. The Germans knew that U-33 had not been sunk and at the time of the trial she was on active service as part of the Constantinople Flotilla. The basis for the charge was the inscriptions on his watches.

Fryatt was tried at a court-martial on the 27th July 1916 at Bruges Town Hall. He was found guilty of being a franc-tireur and sentenced to death. At 19:00, Fryatt was executed by firing squad in Bruges within the harbour grounds. He was buried in a small cemetery just outside Bruges that the Germans used for burying Belgian traitors

An execution notice was published in Dutch, French and German announcing the death of Fryatt. It was signed by Admiral Ludwig von Schröder. A translation of the execution notice reads as follows:

NOTICE. The English captain of a merchant ship, Charles Fryatt, of Southampton, though he did not belong to the armed forces of the enemy, attempted on March 28th, 1915, to destroy a German submarine by running it down. For this he has been condemned to death by judgment this day of the Field Court Martial of the Naval Corps, and has been executed. A ruthless deed has thus been avenged, belatedly but just. Signed VON SCHRÖDER, Admiral Commandant of the Naval Corps, Bruges, July 27th, 1916.

On the 31st July 1916, British Prime Minister H. H. Asquith issued a statement in the House of Commons.

I deeply regret to say that it appears to be true that Captain Fryatt has been murdered by the Germans. His Majesty's Government have heard with the utmost indignation of this atrocious crime against the laws of nations and the usages of war. Coming as it does contemporaneously with the lawless cruelty towards the population of Lille and other occupied districts of France, it shews that the German High Command, under the stress of military defeat, have renewed their policy of terrorism. It is impossible of course to conjecture to what atrocities they may proceed.

His Majesty's Government desire to repeat emphatically their resolve that such crimes shall not, if they can help it, go unpunished. When the time arrives they are determined to bring to justice the criminals whoever they maybe and whatever position they may occupy. In such cases as these the authors of the system under which such crimes are committed may well be the most guilty of all. The question of what immediate action can be taken is engaging the earnest attention of the Government and I hope very soon to announce to the House of Commons what we can do.

Lord Claud Hamilton, MP, Chairman of the Great Eastern Railway, denounced the execution as sheer, brutal murder. The Mayor of Harwich opened a fund to erect a permanent memorial to Fryatt. A similar fund was opened in the Netherlands.

The Great Eastern Railway awarded Fryatt's widow a pension of £250 per annum. The Government granted her an extra £100 per annum pension on top of her entitlement. Fryatt's insurers, the Provident Clerk's Association, paid the £300 that Mrs Fryatt was entitled to immediately, dispensing with the usual formalities. The Royal Merchant Seaman's Orphanage offered to educate two of Fryatt's seven children. The King expressed his indignation and abhorrence at the execution of Fryatt in a letter to Mrs Fryatt. In the letter, he also wrote "The action of Captain Fryatt in defending his ship against the attack of an enemy submarine was a noble instance of the resource and self-reliance so characteristic of his profession."

In 1919, Fryatt's body was exhumed and returned to the United Kingdom for burial. His coffin was landed at Dover, and transported in South Eastern and Chatham Railway PMV No.132 to London. On the 8th July 1919, his funeral was held at St Paul's Cathedral. Hundreds of merchant seamen and widows of merchant seamen and fishermen attended.

Fryatt was then buried here at All Saints' Church, Upper Dovercourt.
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CWGC Dovercourt (All Saints) Churchyard - Dovercourt, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Dovercourt (All Saints) Churchyard - Dovercourt, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Dovercourt (All Saints) Churchyard - Dovercourt, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Stoker Arthur Tame passed away at Chatham RN Barracks on on the 10th July 1915 following a short illness.
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CWGC Dovercourt (All Saints) Churchyard - Dovercourt, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Parkeston is a small village located on the River Stour, just a few miles east of Dovercourt and Harwich. Here there are a few CWGC burials, including a number of Czech graves. I've tried to do some research as to why they are located here, but without much luck so far.
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CWGC Ramsey (Parkeston) Cemetery - Parkeston, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Ramsey (Parkeston) Cemetery - Parkeston, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Ramsey (Parkeston) Cemetery - Parkeston, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Clan Monroe SS was a British Cargo Steamer of 5,925 tons built in 1918 by Ayrshire Dockyard, Irvine for The Clan Line Steamers Ltd (Cayzer, Irvine),Glasgow.

On the 29th July 1940 she struck a mine off Harwich whilst acting as auxiliary transport. She was taken in tow and beached in Hollesley Bay in a depth of 27 feet at low water. Thirteen of her crew were killed.
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CWGC Ramsey (Parkeston) Cemetery - Parkeston, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

On Sunday 15th December 1940, the 'SS N.C. Monberg', an ex Danish cargo steamship, was on a passage from the Tyne for London carrying coal when it was sunk by an E-Boat off Aldeburgh, Suffolk, with twelve of her crew were lost.
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CWGC Ramsey (Parkeston) Cemetery - Parkeston, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

On the 11th August 1940 the tanker SS Oiltrader 5550 tons,was attacked and badly damaged by German aircraft 3½ miles from Shipwash Light Vessel.
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CWGC Ramsey (Parkeston) Cemetery - Parkeston, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Ramsey (Parkeston) Cemetery - Parkeston, Essex, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Brantham is a small village located on the northern bank of the River Stour in Suffolk. Like hundreds of other rural churchs in the country, there is a cross of sacrifice here listing the local men and women who lost their lives in the two world wars.

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CWGC Brantham (St. Michael) Churchyard - Brantham, Suffolk, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Brantham (St. Michael) Churchyard - Brantham, Suffolk, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

On the night of 4th / 5th May 1943 the crew of 10 Squadron Handley Page Halifax JD105 undertook an operational flight to bomb Dortmund and had set out from their base of RAF Melbourne at 22.33hrs.

This raid on Dortmund saw 596 Allied aircraft attack the city but was not a complete success due to decoy fires attracting many of the bombs to be dropped in open country, the Allied Path Finding aircraft had also not accurately marked the target area but despite this severe damage was still reported to the city. This was the largest non-thousand bomber raid of the War to date and the first attack on Dortmund. On board Halifax JD105 for this flight was a trainee pilot who was flying with the 10 Squadron crew for operational experience before he and his own crew joined an operational squadron, he was training with 1658 Heavy Conversion Unit at the time. The crew of JD105 released their bomb load over the red / green target markers from 17,500 feet at 01.05hrs, they reported that the weather over the target area was good and also that heavy and accurate flak was encountered.

The aircraft was not damaged by flak and made for home but after leaving the target area the navigator complained that he was feeling ill so the captain reduced the height at which the aircraft was flying to try and help the navigator. His oxygen system may not have been operating as it should. On their return to England this aircraft received an order to divert to RAF Leeming because of poor weather over Melbourne and those in the area east of York. This aircraft appears to have been the only 10 Squadron aircraft to be diverted away from Melbourne to land possibly because it took them the longest to return to Yorkshire.

It was nearly an hour behind the other aircraft by the time it arrived over Yorkshire and most other 10 Squadron aircraft had landed by 04.00hrs. At 04.43hrs and while flying through fog towards Leeming the aircraft clipped the top of Hood Hill near Kilburn. The aircraft then bellied in, ran along the ground for about 150 yards and broke up. The engines and cockpit area travelled a distance down the hillside, with one engine ending up in a field at the bottom of the hill and with fires breaking out across the crash site. Five of the crew of eight were killed in the crash and three survived, one of these survivors was found laying in bluebells when rescue eventually came.

Wireless Operator / Air Gunner Sgt Herbert Henry Way is buried here in his home village.
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CWGC Brantham (St. Michael) Churchyard - Brantham, Suffolk, Tuesday 20th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr
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SuffolkBlue

Re: CWGC Cemeteries **updated 11/10/2019**

Postby SteveGorzula on Sun 03 Nov 2019, 9:05 pm

It was quite an emotion to see this post and the photos of the gravestones and to find the account of the Whitley Z9145 at Givendale. Sgt. John Lyon Perrin was my mother’s first husband. They had only been married for about three months when he was killed. My mother died in 1989, but I remember her telling me about that terrible day.
SteveGorzula

Re: CWGC Cemeteries **updated 11/10/2019**

Postby SuffolkBlue on Wed 06 Nov 2019, 10:13 pm

I have visited more sites during the later part of the summer which might take me sometime to research, but i'll try to update the thread as much as possible.

When down in Dorset for the Bournemouth Air Festival, i quickly paid a visit to Poole (Parkstone) Cemetery where there is a small war grave plot with numerous other CWGC graves dotted around the site.

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CWGC Poole (Parkstone) Cemetery - Poole, Dorset, Sunday 1st September 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

The coaster HMS Abel Tasman struck a mine at the entrance to Poole Harbour, Dorset on the 13th June 1940. She sank with the loss of all on board.
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CWGC Poole (Parkstone) Cemetery - Poole, Dorset, Sunday 1st September 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Poole (Parkstone) Cemetery - Poole, Dorset, Sunday 1st September 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Consolidated Catalina FP287 crashed at Long Island, in Poole Harbour, Dorset on the 24th August 1943 while on a non-operational training flight. The aircraft overshot the landing path and was attempting to go around again when the aircraft flew into sea fog at the end of the flare path and crashed. Eight on board were killed, including Sergeant A B Allen, and four were injured.
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CWGC Poole (Parkstone) Cemetery - Poole, Dorset, Sunday 1st September 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Poole (Parkstone) Cemetery - Poole, Dorset, Sunday 1st September 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Aberconway John Sefton Pattinson was born on the 18th December 1918 in Chelsea, London, his father having been killed in action seven months previously. Pattinson joined the RAF on a short service commission in December 1937. He was posted to 5 FTS, Sealand on the March 5th 1938 and joined 25 Squadron at Hawkinge on the September 17th, flying Gloster Gladiators.

In early July 1940 Pattinson was with 23 Squadron at Collyweston, flying Bristol Blenheims. On September 5th he went to an OTU to convert to Supermarine Spitfires and was then posted to 92 Squadron at Biggin Hill in early October.

On his first sortie on October 12th he was shot down and killed by Me109’s over Hawkinge.

His Spitfire, X4591, crashed and burned out in Bartholomews Wood, Postling, Kent.
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CWGC Poole (Parkstone) Cemetery - Poole, Dorset, Sunday 1st September 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Gerald Arthur Townend was born at Ealing in South London on the 3rd of October 1893, the fourth and youngest son of the Reverend Alfred John Townend, Chaplain to the Forces, and Margaret Wiseman,

On leaving school he entered the Royal Military College Sandhurst from 1911 to 1912 and on the 22nd January 1913 he was commissioned as a 2nd Lieutenant in the 9th Battalion Prince of Wales Volunteers (South Lancashire) Regiment. He landed in Salonika on the 6th of November 1915, became Battalion Adjutant, was promoted to Captain on the 11th of November 1915 and saw action on the Western Front, Macedonia, Serbia, Bulgaria and Turkey and the Aegean Islands during the Great War. On the 3rd June 1919 he was awarded the Military Cross for his service in the Balkans connected with the British Army of the Black Sea while attached to the 9th Battalion and was also mentioned in despatches.

After the war he served in India, was promoted to Major on the 4th July 1929 and retired from the army on the 4th February 1939 with the rank of Major on retirement pay. He was appointed as an Honorary Flight Lieutenant in the Royal Air Force on the 13th February 1939, a rank he relinquished on the 29th October 1939.

The following year he was recalled to the services, was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel and was appointed as Commanding Officer of the 1st Battalion of his Regiment on the 18th June 1940.

On the 4th October 1941 the battalion was moving from Henlow to Parkstone Barracks in Dorset when he was killed in a motor cycle accident.

His brother, Captain Francis Whitchurch Townend 35th Signal Company, Royal Engineers, was killed in action on the 28th March 1915.
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CWGC Poole (Parkstone) Cemetery - Poole, Dorset, Sunday 1st September 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

The Harbour Defence Motor Launch 1060 was sunk by an ammunition explosion in Poole Harbour. Three crew were killed, of which two are buried together here.
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CWGC Poole (Parkstone) Cemetery - Poole, Dorset, Sunday 1st September 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

The crew of 419 (Moose) Squadron, Royal Canadian Air Force took off from RAF Middleton St. George in Avro Lancaster XIX KB745 on the 4th October 1944 to attack the U-boat pens in Bergen, Norway.

On their way back the crew lost their bearings and the following morning the wreckage of the air craft was found by a shepherd on high ground at Goldscleugh near Rothbury, Scotland.

The 7 crew members were all killed of which 6 were buried at Harrogate (Stonefall) Cemetery. I have struggled to find out why Thomas Bernard Tierney is buried here in Poole.
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CWGC Poole (Parkstone) Cemetery - Poole, Dorset, Sunday 1st September 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

HMS Recoil was the former German trawler Blankenburg, captured on the 6th April 1940 off Norway by the British light cruiser HMS Birmingham and the British destroyers HMS Fearless and HMS Hostile. Taken over by the Admiralty in June 1940, she struck a mine off Portland Bill on the 28th September 1940.
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CWGC Poole (Parkstone) Cemetery - Poole, Dorset, Sunday 1st September 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Poole (Parkstone) Cemetery - Poole, Dorset, Sunday 1st September 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr
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SuffolkBlue

Re: CWGC Cemeteries **updated 06/11/2019**

Postby CJS on Fri 08 Nov 2019, 8:51 am

I have to say Chris, this is a fascinating and sobering thread that you must spend an age putting together. Thank you :up:
"Forewarned is forearmed"
How do you know I didn't?
User avatar
CJS

Re: CWGC Cemeteries **updated 06/11/2019**

Postby SuffolkBlue on Sun 10 Nov 2019, 10:27 pm

CJS wrote:I have to say Chris, this is a fascinating and sobering thread that you must spend an age putting together. Thank you :up:


Thank you for your kind comments and i'm not going to lie, researching the stories is a very time consuming task!....but well worth it. I still have around 25+ more sites to research that I visited across Kent and Lincolnshire, so i'll try to post them on here as soon as I can.

The Lincolnshire trip was a 2 day effort back in the summer, with the first day spent visiting sites along the A15 corridor from Cranwell to Scunthorpe and the second along the North East Coast before heading inland to Newark and Grantham.

Cranwell has been a flying training centre since the First World War when the Admiralty requisitioned 2500 acres of the Earl of Bristol's estate in November 1915, to create the Royal Naval Air Service Central Training Depot. Since then the aerodrome has been taken over by the Royal Air Force and the RAF Staff College is at Cranwell. The graves of 25 First World War airmen will be found on the northern side of the church. The churchyard was used between the wars for RAF burials and during the Second World War the RAF plot, in the eastern part of the churchyard, was used for service burials not only from RAF Cranwell but from others also, including Finningley and Binbrook. Cranwell (St Andrew) Churchyard contains 25 Commonwealth burials of the First World War and 58 from the Second. There are also four Polish war graves.

Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2e B3702 of RNAS Cranwell crashed and burnt our south of the airfield, killing Probationary Flight Officer Eric Henry Dyson on the 3rd December 1917.
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CWGC Cranwell (St. Andrew) Churchyard - Cranwell, Lincolnshire, Thursday 15th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Flt Lt Ernest Edward Beale was killed on the 13th December 1917 when his Sopwith Camel B5678 crashed in fog near RNAS Cranwell.
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CWGC Cranwell (St. Andrew) Churchyard - Cranwell, Lincolnshire, Thursday 15th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Cranwell (St. Andrew) Churchyard - Cranwell, Lincolnshire, Thursday 15th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Albert Walter Gordon Crosby joined the RNAS in Canada and sent initially to the Naval Training Academy at Greenwich in October 1917 and then to the RNAS flight training school at Vendome, France in December 1917.

He was then transferred back to England to the RNAS Cranwell Training Facility in February 1918.

He was involved in a training flight crash on the 28th February 1918 and died of his injuries at the Belton Park Hospital (near Grantham) 10 days after the accident.
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CWGC Cranwell (St. Andrew) Churchyard - Cranwell, Lincolnshire, Thursday 15th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Flight Officer Howard Eckhardt Grundy of Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, lost his life on the 20th March 1918 when his Bristol Scout Type C 3054 crashed in the fields near RNAS Cranwell.
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CWGC Cranwell (St. Andrew) Churchyard - Cranwell, Lincolnshire, Thursday 15th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

de Havilland DH9 D2792 stalled during a forced landing in the Cranwell area, killing 2Lt Cyril Montague Bates on the 24th April 1918.
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CWGC Cranwell (St. Andrew) Churchyard - Cranwell, Lincolnshire, Thursday 15th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Cranwell (St. Andrew) Churchyard - Cranwell, Lincolnshire, Thursday 15th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Flight Cadet Peter Anthony Meakin died on the 27th April 1928, a day after his Armstrong Whitworth Siskin IIIA J8956, suffered engine failure and dived into the ground near RAF Cranwell.
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CWGC Cranwell (St. Andrew) Churchyard - Cranwell, Lincolnshire, Thursday 15th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Avro 504N J8709, of the RAF College collided with J9693 on the approach to RAF Cranwell on the 6th June 1930. Flt Lt Henry Leonard Drake was killed in the subsequent crash.
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CWGC Cranwell (St. Andrew) Churchyard - Cranwell, Lincolnshire, Thursday 15th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Avro 504N of the RAF College stalled and crashed into the ground near RAF Cranwell on the 25th April 1930 killing both Sgt William Henry Fearn and AC1 Leslie Edward Charlton.
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CWGC Cranwell (St. Andrew) Churchyard - Cranwell, Lincolnshire, Thursday 15th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Cranwell (St. Andrew) Churchyard - Cranwell, Lincolnshire, Thursday 15th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

On the 11th August 1995, Squadron Leader Paul Lockwood, his wife Jackie and 2 other passengers intended to fly their Beechcraft Baron 58 from Thruxton to Beaune, France.

After loading the baggage, the aircraft was taxied to the airfield refuelling pumps where it was refuelled with 178 litres of fuel and was described by the pump attendant as being "full up". After refuelling the pilot and his passengers got into the aircraft. Once they were all on board the pilot attempted to start the left engine but was unsuccessful twice
so he then started the right engine; this started with no difficulty but it emitted a cloud of exhaust smoke which is not unusual when starting a warm engine. He then recommenced starting the left engine and succeeded on his sixth or seventh attempt. This engine did not produce any visible
exhaust smoke. After the second engine start there was a delay of some three minutes whilst the pilot carried out his after-start checklist.

The takeoff was observed by two pilots in a helicopter that was hovering less than 100 yards from the runway. As G-BAHN passed the mid-point of the runway the forward passenger door,which is on the right side of the aircraft, was seen to open. An attempt was made to close the door
and a hand, presumably that of the male passenger was seen to hold the door as the aircraft rotated and climbed away using almost the entire runway length.

He flew straight ahead before turning to the left onto the crosswind leg and passing over St Nicholas' Church in the village of Fyfield. Shortly after takeoff the pilot radioed to
Thruxton that a door had come open and that he intended to carry out a low-level circuit in order to land and close it. Aircraft departing Thruxton are required to call Boscombe Down Airfield if they intend to climb more than 800 feet above airfield altitude as they will be entering Boscombe
airspace. The aircraft then flew at an altitude of between 200 and 400 feet in a northerly direction over Fyfield. Eyewitnesses report that during this time it steadily lost altitude and that the aircraft's engines were making an unusual noise described as 'spluttering'.

The aircraft flew over Fyfield village until it cleared the last house to the north where it appeared to stall, rolled to the left and crashed into a stubble field about 20 metres from the southern fence. All the occupants were fatally
injured during the impact and before the aircraft caught fire.
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CWGC Cranwell (St. Andrew) Churchyard - Cranwell, Lincolnshire, Thursday 15th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

U/T Pilot John Peter Houghton Stratton was killed on the 18th January 1946 whilst flying in North American Harvard II, FX228 of No 19 FTS, which collided with FT173 of the same unit whilst in the circuit at RAF Cranwell.
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CWGC Cranwell (St. Andrew) Churchyard - Cranwell, Lincolnshire, Thursday 15th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Cranwell (St. Andrew) Churchyard - Cranwell, Lincolnshire, Thursday 15th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

On the 30th January 2005, Royal Air Force Lockheed C-130K Hercules C3, serial number XV179, callsign Hilton 22, was shot down in Iraq, probably by Sunni insurgents, killing all 10 personnel on board. At the time, the incident was the largest single loss of life suffered by the British military during Operation Telic.

Patrick joined the Royal Air Force in June 1990 as a pilot, serving 11 operational tours on the Tornado GR. He was awarded a General Service Medal for Air operations in Iraq, an Operational Service Medal for Operation Telic and the NATO Medal for operations in the former Yugoslavia. His last job was as a Staff Officer at Headquarters Strike Command, Royal Air Force High Wycombe, where he was part of a team responsible for coordinating Royal Air Force support operations.

He was a staff officer serving with Headquarters Strike Command, High Wycombe, and was on temporary detachment to Iraq as a liaison officer.
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CWGC Cranwell (St. Andrew) Churchyard - Cranwell, Lincolnshire, Thursday 15th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Flight Lieutenant Anthony John Marvin was killed whilst flying in North American Harvard T2, KF443 of the RAF College when it crashed near Navenby, Lincolnshire after stalling on recovery from a number of spins on the 5th Febraury 1949.
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CWGC Cranwell (St. Andrew) Churchyard - Cranwell, Lincolnshire, Thursday 15th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Flight Cadet Alasdair Black died on the 6th January 1960 when his North American Harvard .2B of the Royal Air Force College Cranwell, crashed during aerobatics near Coleby Hall, Lincolnshire. The aircraft lost it's wings while recovering from a dive.
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CWGC Cranwell (St. Andrew) Churchyard - Cranwell, Lincolnshire, Thursday 15th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

On the 20th April 1942, the crew of Vickers Wellington I, T2834 of No.3 (C) OTU were conducting a night flying exercise and whilst in the circuit of RAF Cranwell, their aircraft crashed close to Rauceby Vicarage killing both crewmen.

P/O. H E. Rath RCAF of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada and Sgt. K M. Miegel RAAF
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CWGC Cranwell (St. Andrew) Churchyard - Cranwell, Lincolnshire, Thursday 15th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Pilot Officer Nigel Saunders of No. 98 Sqn was the pilot of de Havilland Vampire FB5 WA143 on a mock attack flight.

His aircraft was seen to break away from one practice attack with both the engine and wing roots on fire. His aircraft came down near Asherton Farm, Larkhill, Wiltshire and he received fatal injuries when he was thrown clear of the aircraft.
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CWGC Cranwell (St. Andrew) Churchyard - Cranwell, Lincolnshire, Thursday 15th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Flt Lt Vincent Lindsay Hobbs trained at No 3FTS, at RAF Henlow during 1970, and on Graduation was awarded the Sword of Honour. He rose through the ranks, and was promoted to Flight Lieutenant on 3rd June 1976, going on to serve at RAF Waddington flying Avro Vulcans before being posted to RAFC Cranwell to serve as a QFI in 1981.
Sadly, on 24th November 1981, Flt Lt Hobbs was involved in a road traffic accident and died at just 32 years old. He was to be married three days later.

The Hobbs Sword was presented to RAFC Cranwell by Flt Lt Hobbs’ father, in memory of his son, in 1993. It was presented for use by the OC 3FTS or Station Commander, to be worn at all ceremonial occasions other than weddings in accordance with the family’s wishes.
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CWGC Cranwell (St. Andrew) Churchyard - Cranwell, Lincolnshire, Thursday 15th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Bristol Bulldog K3928 of the RAF College, Cranwell was involved in a mid air collision with Hawker Hart K3152, also of the RAF College, Cranwell, near RAF Digby, Scopwick Heath, Lincolnshire.

Both crews were killed (two in each aircraft). None of the occupants of either aircraft were wearing parachutes.

Crew:
Pilot/Instructor: Flight Lt Joseph Seymour Tanner RAF (aged 26) killed.
Flight Cadet John Aickin Plugge RAF (New Zealander, aged 19) killed.

According to a contemporary newspaper report (The Sydney Morning Herald Thursday 3 May 1934)

"AIR FORCE 'PLANES.
Collision in Mid-air.
FOUR MEN KILLED.
LONDON, May 1.
A "Bulldog" fighting 'plane piloted by Flight Lieutenant Joseph Seymour Tanner, with Flight Cadet John Aickin Plugge, of Taupiri, New Zealand, as a passenger, collided in mid-air at Cranwell with a Hart Day bombing 'plane piloted by Flying-Officer Dennis John Douthwaite, with Flight Cadet John Askell Rutherfoord as a passenger. All four airmen were killed. The 'planes were engaged in flying training.

Occupants of a lonely farmhouse and a few labourers saw one machine flying south and the other west. They heard a crash like a thunderclap. All the victims were found dead in their 'planes. They had no time to use their parachutes. Labourers had to dodge falling fragments of the 'planes, which made huge holes in the ground. It took four hours to excavate the engines.

This Is the first accident Involving four deaths since February, 1933. It is the sixth fatal accident in the Royal Air Force In 1934, involving in all 11 deaths".
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CWGC Cranwell (St. Andrew) Churchyard - Cranwell, Lincolnshire, Thursday 15th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Hawker Fury I K5682 piloted by Flight Lieutenant Roy James Oliphant Bartlett of the RAF College, Cranwell, collided with Hawker Fury K5681 (also of the RAF College, Cranwell) during camera gun practice on the 7th October 1936 near Navenby, North Kesteven, Lincolnshire.

He abandoned the aircraft but struck by one of the falling aircraft. Pilot: Flt/Lt Roy James Oliphant Bartlett RAF, killed. Aircraft crashed at Navenby, North Kesteven, Lincolnshire, eight miles south of Lincoln.

The other Fury pilot, Flight Cadet Howard Frizelle Burton was injured.
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CWGC Cranwell (St. Andrew) Churchyard - Cranwell, Lincolnshire, Thursday 15th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

On the 9th November 1936. Avro Anson I K6199 took off from RAF Bircham Newton, Norfolk, when the aircraft stalled and crashed near the end of the runway. Pilot Officer Peter White was killed while both other occupants were injured.

The takeoff procedure was completed with the control systems locked. Modifications to locking bars were recommended by the Court of inquiry following this accident.

K6199 was Struck off Charge as E (G/I) and reduced to instructional airframe status by the 9th December 1936, the machine remained as a salutary reminder of the need for care in pre-flight checks until struck off charge in August 1937.
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CWGC Cranwell (St. Andrew) Churchyard - Cranwell, Lincolnshire, Thursday 15th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Flight Cadet Robert Adrian Greey Morgan was killed on the 8th May 1939 when his Hawker Audax I K7377 collided with K7458 while attacking a towed target near Stubton, Lincolnshire.
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CWGC Cranwell (St. Andrew) Churchyard - Cranwell, Lincolnshire, Thursday 15th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Wing Commander Frederick Korsten Damant was killed on the 16th May 1941 whilst flying in Airspeed Oxford I, P1881, of the RAF College (FTS) when it crashed on take-off from RAF Cranwell on an air test.
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CWGC Cranwell (St. Andrew) Churchyard - Cranwell, Lincolnshire, Thursday 15th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Cranwell (St. Andrew) Churchyard - Cranwell, Lincolnshire, Thursday 15th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Pilot Officer John James Campbell DFC flew 27 Handley Page Hampden operations as Captain and 9 in the 2nd Pilot position. He was killed on the 20th April 1941 whilst he was instructing at RAF Cranwell.
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CWGC Cranwell (St. Andrew) Churchyard - Cranwell, Lincolnshire, Thursday 15th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Flying Officer Frantisek Vocetka and Aircraftman D W Hughes were killed when their Percival Proctor P6234 of 1 Signals School, crashed on the 7th February 1941.
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CWGC Cranwell (St. Andrew) Churchyard - Cranwell, Lincolnshire, Thursday 15th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

On the 7th May 1940, Pilot Officer JT Berryman on 22 Sqn lost his life in Bristol Beaufort L4466 when it stalled whilst approaching to land at RAF North Coates and dived into the ground. At the time of the crash he had 3hrs dual and 2hrs solo time on type.
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CWGC Cranwell (St. Andrew) Churchyard - Cranwell, Lincolnshire, Thursday 15th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Pilot Officer Nevil Fisher lost his life when his Bristol Bulldog IIA K1693 spun in and crashed at High Dyke Farm, Brauncewell, near Cranwell, while on a local sortie.
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CWGC Cranwell (St. Andrew) Churchyard - Cranwell, Lincolnshire, Thursday 15th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Flying Officer Dennis John Douthwaite and his trainee crew member Flt Cadet John Askell Rutherfoord lost their lives on the 1st May 1934 when their Bristol Buldog K3928 collided with Hawker Hart Trainer K3152 near Digby, Lincolnshrire.
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CWGC Cranwell (St. Andrew) Churchyard - Cranwell, Lincolnshire, Thursday 15th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Instructor Flying Officer Anthony Frederick Paul Anning and pupil Flight Cadet Arthur Moreland Acton-Adams Armstrong took of from RAF Cranwell on the 13th February 1931 in Whitworth Atlas TM K1187 for a local training flight. Their aircraft crashed due to a loss of speed on a gliding turn during approach for a practice forced landing. They were both killed.

A report stated :

"The instructor, who was an experienced pilot on this type of aeroplane, must have left the correction of this fault until a moment too late to pull the aeroplane out of the resultant dive."
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CWGC Cranwell (St. Andrew) Churchyard - Cranwell, Lincolnshire, Thursday 15th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Kaspar Antonin lost his life on the 10th July 1941 when his Percival Proctor I, P6275, of No 1 Signals School dived into the ground at Leasingham in Lincolnshire after stalling in bad weather.
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CWGC Cranwell (St. Andrew) Churchyard - Cranwell, Lincolnshire, Thursday 15th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

On the 24th April 1941 Pilot Officer Robert Lanchester and Pilot Officer Richard Inge of 2 CFS (Central Flying School), RAF Cranwell, crashed just to the North East of RAF Winthorpe, Nottinghamshire when flying in Avro Tutor K4814. They both were killed. The crash site is close to the Newark Air Museum and a small plaque there is dedicated to both crew members.
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CWGC Cranwell (St. Andrew) Churchyard - Cranwell, Lincolnshire, Thursday 15th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Flying Officer Edward Morris Cowperthwaite was killed whilst flying in Airspeed Oxford I, R5942 of the RAF College (FTS), when it dived into the ground near Great Gonerby, Lincolnshire, during a snowstorm on the 29th October 1941.
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CWGC Cranwell (St. Andrew) Churchyard - Cranwell, Lincolnshire, Thursday 15th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr
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SuffolkBlue

Re: CWGC Cemeteries **updated 10/11/2019**

Postby SuffolkBlue on Sun 10 Nov 2019, 10:39 pm

In Grantham, during the First World War, there were machine gun camps and depots at Belton Park and a 620 bed military hospital. Most of the First World War burials are scattered throughout the towns cemetery but a number of Australian and New Zealand machine gunners are buried together in Section 15.

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CWGC Grantham Cemetery - Grantham, Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Grantham Cemetery - Grantham, Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Grantham Cemetery - Grantham, Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Grantham Cemetery - Grantham, Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr


There is a small group of RAF graves from the Second World War.
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CWGC Grantham Cemetery - Grantham, Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

On 22th December 1941, Handley Page Halifax L9522 crashed when en route from RAF Leconfield to the Handley Page facility at Radlett in bad weather near Knipton, Lincolnshire. 8 of her crew members were killed, of which 3 are buried here :

Corporal James Anthony Hancock, Sergeant James Albert Denning and Pilot Officer Richard Percival William Barker.
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CWGC Grantham Cemetery - Grantham, Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Sgt Robert Gordon Goodenough Gain lost his life on the 29th October 1941 when his aircraft was destroyed after it flew into the ground in a blizzard, whilst on a flight from Nottingham to Wittering.
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CWGC Grantham Cemetery - Grantham, Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

The main Second World War grave plot is opposite the town's memorial to the civilian war dead, and the remainder are in various other parts of the cemetery.

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CWGC Grantham Cemetery - Grantham, Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

On the 27th January 1941, air raid sirens sounded over Grantham when a lone aircraft approached the town from the East. At 14.14hrs, the aircraft was 5 miles to the East at about 1000ft with two Hawker Hurricanes ordered to intercept.

The lone raider, a Ju 88 approached from the North East, slipping between the airfields at RAF Spittlegate and RAF Barkston Heath and began it's low level bomb-run on the munitions workshops. They could not find their target and to gain height, released 14 bombs whilst strafing the streets. At 14.20hrs they struck Jubilee Avenue and New Beacon Road.

The defences were stood down as the aircraft disappeared only to re-appear again a few minutes later, diving out of the cloud at a low angle and heading for Springfield Road. The remainder of the 4 x HE bombs hit the factory complex.

The aircraft was seen to fly East, suffering from anti aircraft damage and later crash-landed in a field at Fishtoft, near Boston, and the crew of 4 were taken prisoner.

The civilians killed in the raid are remembered here.
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CWGC Grantham Cemetery - Grantham, Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

On the 15th March 1942, whilst with 12 FTS (Service Flying Training School) Royal Air Force, Flight Lieutenant Richard John Jouault was killed when the aircraft that he was piloting, Airspeed Oxford AP645 collided shortly after take-off with another Oxford AP641. The pilot and pupil iAP641, Flying Officer Derek Reginald Olver and Sergeant Julius Lee Wyatt respectively, were also killed in the resulting crash.
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CWGC Grantham Cemetery - Grantham, Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

On the 15th March 1942, whilst with 12 FTS (Service Flying Training School) Royal Air Force, Flying Officer Willem Bastiaan Straver was killed when the aircraft in which he was a pupil in, Airspeed Oxford AP645 collided shortly after take-off with another Oxford AP641. The pilot of Oxford AP645, Flight Lieutenant Richard John Jouault and the pilot and pupil in Oxford AP641, Flying Officer Derek Reginald Olver and Sergeant Julius Lee Wyatt respectively, were also killed in the resulting crash.
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CWGC Grantham Cemetery - Grantham, Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

The crew of Avro Manchester R5841, 1660 HCU took off from RAF Swinderby, Lincolnshire on the 11th April 1943 for circuit training. During the flight one engine caught fire, possibly due to a fractured hydraulic line. The pilot had no option but to crash-land near the River Brant at 18.50hrs.

Of the 6 crew members on board, Flight Lieutenant J.M. Whitwell AFM lost his life and another crew member was killed in the crash, while another later lost his life in hospital.
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CWGC Grantham Cemetery - Grantham, Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

On 18th June 1943, Avro Lancaster I ED439 OL-N crashed at Highgate Farm, Swaton, Lincolnshire.

The Lancaster’s pilot was Australian Flight Sergeant Max Kieran Cummings. They crew were new to 83 Squadron at RAF Wyton, Cambridgeshire. Recently posted from 467 Squadron at RAF Bottesford, Leicestershire, they completed a night raid on Cologne, Germany, the previous night.

At 1010hrs on 18th June 1943, Cummings crew took off for “daytime bombing practice”. Research suggests the crew tested new equipment as there were two ground technicians joining the seven-man crew.

Eyewitnesses report the Lancaster dived from low cloud into the farm near Scredington. The plane clipped the roof of an unoccupied farmhouse before crashing into the fields behind. It struck a copse of trees and burst into flames.

Locals arrived to offer help but the flames and debris suggested there was little they could do. Ammunition from the plane began to explode creating further danger for those on the ground.
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CWGC Grantham Cemetery - Grantham, Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Sigfred Johannes Christophersen was born on the 11th July 1914.

He joined the Danish Royal Guards in November 1935, and accepted for flying training at the Army Flying School on the 1st April 1937.

He is discharged from the school on the 10th September 1938 and is unemployed for the next six months. He then spent some time working in Germany as a gardener when in January 1940, he volunteered to become a pilot in the Finno-Russian Winter War, but it is not clear if he actually was engaged in operational duties before the end of hostilities in March 1940.

He then returned to Denmark and worked at the German occupied Værløse Air Station.

On the 26th December 1940, he left Denmark accompanied by his friend Jørgen Thalbitzer, who later become a fighter pilot with the RAF and was killed in action in 1943. They travelled to Istanbul, Cyprus, Suez, and Cape Town until they arrived in London on the 23rd April 1941.

He and Thalbitzer volunteered for the Royal Air Force at the British Air Attaché in Istanbul but in London, he accepts an offer by British Intelligence to be trained in radio-telegraphy. Without knowing it at the time he has been enrolled in the Special Intelligence Service.

On the 10th September 1941 at 1946 hours he boarded Armstong Whitworth Whitley of No. 138 Squadron and took off from RAF Newmarket bound for Denmark, along with another member of SIS. The aircraft crossed the Danish coast near Esbjerg and they encountered flak. At 2335 hours the two agents are successfully dropped near Holbæk.

Christophersen and the other agent never succeedd together as agents, since they never really got to trust each other. According to different sources he seems to be the one to blame. In the end of February 1942, Christophersen is so compromised that he is ordered to leave the country by the agent.

On the night of the 3rd March 1942, he attempted to cross the ice covered waters between Stevns in Denmark and the peninsular Falsterbo in Sweden. He is accompanied by his brother Thorbjørn Christophersen and another member of the resistance Kaj Oxlund. Due to bad weather they struggled to make the shore and were picked up by a Swedish fishermen.

He is imprisoned in Malmø, Sweden, and interrogated by the local authorities. During the interrogation he reveals many details on his whereabouts and activities in Denmark.

In mid-June 1942 he and the other agents are transferred to England via Bromma and Leuchars in a Lockheed Hudson. They are imprisoned in the Brixton Prison upon their arrival.

After being released, he commences pilot training and was accepted for Royal Air Force in 1941 at the same time as Thalbitzer. No he returns for pilot training.

On the 10th August 1943, he was killed in a training accident when on a nighte exercise in Bristol Blenheim I K7050 from No. 12 (P) Advanced Flying Unit. Loosing sight of the flair path at RAF Bottesford, Leicestershire, the aircraft crashed killing all three crew members.
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CWGC Grantham Cemetery - Grantham, Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr
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SuffolkBlue

Re: CWGC Cemeteries **updated 10/11/2019**

Postby SuffolkBlue on Sun 10 Nov 2019, 10:51 pm

Belton Park is located near the village of Londonthorpe, on the outskirts of Grantham. It was used as the site of a military camp during the First World War. A plan, dating to the summer of 1915, shows the layout of the camp including narrow gauge railways and a hospital. The camp was used by the British Army from April 1915 to house the 30th Division whilst it was being formed. The plan of the site is annotated with the names of the battalions that formed the division and shows where the different battalions were quartered. The 30th Division was made up almost entirely of battalions from Manchester and Liverpool and comprised volunteers who had enlisted soon after the start of the war in August 1914. The division moved on to Salisbury Plain in late September 1915 before embarking for France in November that year. Belton Park Camp then became the base depot and headquarters of the war raised Machine Gun Corps from October 1915, closing in 1922.

Belton’s military hospital was run by the Royal Army Medical Corps (RAMC) and purpose built within the parkland. Similar in size and structure to hospitals close to the Western Front, it was built to care for men returning from active service. This hospital was the penultimate stop on a soldier’s journey home after being wounded on the front lines. However, given the size of the Belton Park Camp, the hospital was also kept busy with the medical needs of soldiers in training.

The RAMC doctors, supported by nurses and volunteers, were seeing patients at the very beginning of 1915. With several wards, operating rooms, an X-ray room and dispensary, this modern hospital could hold 670 patients at a time.

Those who lost their lives at Belton Park, either through training accidents or illness, are buried here in the local village church. In total, there are 32 listed casualties buried here.

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CWGC Londonthorpe (St. John The Baptist) Churchyard - Londonthorpe, Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Londonthorpe (St. John The Baptist) Churchyard - Londonthorpe, Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Londonthorpe (St. John The Baptist) Churchyard - Londonthorpe, Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Londonthorpe (St. John The Baptist) Churchyard - Londonthorpe, Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Londonthorpe (St. John The Baptist) Churchyard - Londonthorpe, Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Londonthorpe (St. John The Baptist) Churchyard - Londonthorpe, Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Londonthorpe (St. John The Baptist) Churchyard - Londonthorpe, Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Londonthorpe (St. John The Baptist) Churchyard - Londonthorpe, Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Londonthorpe (St. John The Baptist) Churchyard - Londonthorpe, Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr
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SuffolkBlue

Re: CWGC Cemeteries **updated 14/11/2019**

Postby SuffolkBlue on Thu 14 Nov 2019, 8:57 pm

The Lincolnshire village of Manby is located just south-east of Louth, is a Royal Air Force Training Station. During the Second World War, when it was the home of No. 1 Air Armament chool, a section of the village churchyard was set aside for service burials. RAF Manby was operational from 1938 to 1974. Houses were built for RAF personnel with village streets named after aircraft. In the late 1980's, the administration site was sold for commercial use and it is now a business park and the former airfield has been returned to agriculture.

All save 1 of the casualties buried here are airmen, and 24 of the burials are in this small war graves plot. The total number of burials is 29.

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CWGC Manby (St. Mary) Churchyard - Manby, East Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Handley Page Hampden I L4164 crashed in bad weather on approach to RAF Manby on the 9th October 1941. J Cehrzycki was killed in the crash of which there were no survivors.
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CWGC Manby (St. Mary) Churchyard - Manby, East Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

The crew of No.103 Sqn boarded Handley Page Halifax II W1218 at RAF Elsham Wolds, North Lincolshire on the 28th July 1942 to conduct training including gunnery over the North Sea. Their aircraft stalled and spun into the ground at Ludborough, near Louth, killing all of the 6 man crew, 4 of which are buried together here.
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CWGC Manby (St. Mary) Churchyard - Manby, East Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Adrian Harold Cooper Gill of Palmerston North, Wellington, New Zealand, was a Wireless Operator / Gunner with 214 (Federated Malay States) Sqn, RNZAF.

On the 17th August 1942, he boarded Short Stirling I BF330 at RAF Stradishall, along with the rest of his crew, to attack Osnabruck, Germany.

Their aircraft was attacked by a German night fighter 30k north of the Dutch island of Terschelling and crashed into the North Sea. 2 of the 7 man crew have no known grave, with the bodies of the rest of the crew washing up on UK beaches.
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CWGC Manby (St. Mary) Churchyard - Manby, East Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Manby (St. Mary) Churchyard - Manby, East Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Pilot L M A Green was killed on the 7th September 1942 when his Vickers Wellington I P9235 hit a hill 2 miles south east of Louth after takeoff.
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CWGC Manby (St. Mary) Churchyard - Manby, East Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Pilot Donald Wormleighton & Wireless Operator Eric Frank Rawlings were part of a four man crew in Vickers Wellington IC R1463 that were conducting a night intruder mission on the 21st February 1942.

While descending through cloud in order to establish their position, the bomber crashed at 03:30 into a field at Asterby Top Farm, Goulceby, 7 miles SW of Louth, some 400 feet above sea level. The pilot had been cleared to descend to 900 feet through thick cloud and may have descended further in an attempt to see the ground or may have forgotten to adjust his altimeter pressure setting on return from operations, causing it to read higher than the correct altitude
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CWGC Manby (St. Mary) Churchyard - Manby, East Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Handley Page Hampden I X2981 exploded and crashed over the Theddlethorpe bombing range on the 20th December 1940, killing both the crew members buried here side by side.
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CWGC Manby (St. Mary) Churchyard - Manby, East Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Pilot Officer G W Winder was killed when Hawker Demon K8196 and Demon K5736 collided in mid air over the Donna Nook Ranges on the 24th February 1940.
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CWGC Manby (St. Mary) Churchyard - Manby, East Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

On the 28th October 1940, the crew of Handley Page HampdenX3027, No.49 Sqn, left RAF Scampton for Hamburg. On the outbound journey they were shot down by an Intruder (Lt.Volker, 1NJG2) and crashed into the sea off Skegness.

The body of P/O Ballas-Andersen was never found. He is commemorated on the Runnymede Memorial. P/O J.R.Bufton KIA, P/O K.Ballas-Andersen KIA, Sgt R.F.Robertson KIA, Sgt F.J.W.Bichard KIA.
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CWGC Manby (St. Mary) Churchyard - Manby, East Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

There is also a small post war grave plot in the churchyard.
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CWGC Manby (St. Mary) Churchyard - Manby, East Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

On the night of the 27th August 1954 a Gloster Meteor Mk 8 from the RAF Flying College flown by W/Cmdr H A Conaghan crashed about 50 miles from Manby.
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CWGC Manby (St. Mary) Churchyard - Manby, East Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Gloster Meteor T Mk 7 dived into a hill at Station Farm, East Halton, Lincolnshire, destroying a tractor. The crew did not abandon the aircraft and both were killed.

F/Sgt (1566237) William Henry BLACK AFM (pilot) RAF
W/Cdr (164.406) Francis Michael HEGARTY AFC & Bar (pilot)

The aircraft flew into rising ground but the reasons for this were never determined.The story at the time was that the sortie was one that included a test of the students asymmetric minims which could have gone horribly wrong.
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CWGC Manby (St. Mary) Churchyard - Manby, East Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr
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SuffolkBlue

Re: CWGC Cemeteries **updated 14/11/2019**

Postby SuffolkBlue on Tue 19 Nov 2019, 10:46 pm

Cleethorpes Cemetery contains 159 casualties from the First and Second World War. Of the 80 Second World War burials in the cemetery, 49 form a war graves plot.

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CWGC Cleethorpes Cemetery - Cleethorpes, North East Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Wireless Operator Eric Hannath was on board Vickers Wellington IC DV739 from RAF Harwell for a training flight when an engine failed on take-off and the Wellington crashed close to the airfield, killing Eric and one other crew member.

He is buried here in his home town of Cleethorpes.
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CWGC Cleethorpes Cemetery - Cleethorpes, North East Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

The crew of Vickers Wellington X HE350 took off from RAF Skellingthorpe on the 20th September 1943 for air gunnery training. As the aircraft climbed out, both engines cut out. The pilot was unable to turn back and crash-landed 3 miles northwest of the airfield.

Of the crew of 5 (3 of which had the surname Baker), 3 were killed in the crash.

Robert Arthur Baker was posthumously awarded the D.F.C. on 16 November 1943
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CWGC Cleethorpes Cemetery - Cleethorpes, North East Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Cleethorpes Cemetery - Cleethorpes, North East Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Seaman Arthur Priestley of HMS Altair died on the 13th June 1944 due to a short illness.
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CWGC Cleethorpes Cemetery - Cleethorpes, North East Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

On the 29th August 1943 29, the crew of Vickers Wellington III BK431 took off from RAF Bruntingthorpe for an air firing detail with staff captain and screened wireless operator, a gunnery instructor, an Air Training Corps cadet passenger and three trainee air gunners. Tragically, fifteen minutes after take off, the bolts securing the lower port wing spar failed due to metal fatigue and the aircraft hurtled into the ground near Oakham.

John Hawarth Heath of Napier, Hawke's Bay, New Zealand whose parents had originated from Lincolnshire, was taken to his birthplace and laid to rest here in Cleethorpes Cemetery.
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CWGC Cleethorpes Cemetery - Cleethorpes, North East Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

On the 3rd September 1940, the engine room on steamer SS Kildale took a direct hit from a Heinkel He111. All 6 of her engine room crew were killed and buried together here. She limped back to port and put back into active service.

On the 3rd November 1940 while sailing in the coastal Convoy WN-29 for the final part of her trip she was attacked by German aircraft off the coast of Aberdeen. After being bombed and raked with machine gun fire, the ship sank killing one of the 37 crew on board.
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CWGC Cleethorpes Cemetery - Cleethorpes, North East Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Cleethorpes Cemetery - Cleethorpes, North East Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

On the 31st March 1916, 5 Zeppelins set out to attack London and East Anglia, however as it approached England, Zeppelin L22, developed engine problems. Instead of heading for London it changed course for Grimsby docks. Shortly before 1 a.m on Saturday 1st April it crossed the east coast. As the Zeppelin passed over the vicinity, searchlights locked on to it and an anti-aircraft gun opened fire. The Zeppelin released some bombs which landed harmlessly in open countryside near Cleethorpes. It then headed out to sea, before turning round for a second attack.

Three further bombs were dropped. One landed in Sea View Street, shattering shop windows; a second destroyed the local council offices; while the third scored a direct hit on the Baptist Church Hall where men of the 3rd (Special Reserve) Battalion of the Manchester Regiment were billeted. Of the men in the building, 27 died instantly and 4 were fatally injured, dying soon after from their wounds. The majority of men were wounded but four men were rescued uninjured from a small cellar under the hall where they had been playing a game of cards. Due to reporting restrictions the Times reported it as occurring ‘in a village of no military significance’.
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CWGC Cleethorpes Cemetery - Cleethorpes, North East Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Cleethorpes Cemetery - Cleethorpes, North East Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Cleethorpes Cemetery - Cleethorpes, North East Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

St. Andrew Churchyard in Immingham, North East Lincolnshire, contains 18 First World War burials and 5 from the Second World War.

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CWGC Immingham (St. Andrew) Churchyard - Immingham, North East Lincolnshire, Thursday 15th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Immingham (St. Andrew) Churchyard - Immingham, North East Lincolnshire, Thursday 15th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Immingham (St. Andrew) Churchyard - Immingham, North East Lincolnshire, Thursday 15th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

German 1st SG battlecruisers and 2nd SG light cruisers escorted by destroyers sailed to attack the Yorkshire coast on the 16th December 1914. Battlecruisers Seydlitz, Moltke and armoured cruiser Blücher were to bombard Hartlepool, battlecruisers Derfflinger and Von der Tann to bombard Scarborough then Whitby and light cruiser Kolberg to lay up to 100 mines off Flamborough Head. Both the German and British battlefleets were out in support of their forces.

Coming south in anticipation of this attack the seven 4th DF destroyers screening Adm Beatty's battlecruisers - Lynx, Ambuscade, Unity, Hardy of 1st Div and Shark, Acasta, Spitfire of 2nd Div, met destroyers from the German light cruiser screen in the Dogger Bank area. When challenged, they opened fire damaging Lynx and Ambuscade, the remaining destroyers then sighted cruiser Hamburg close by at 05:53. Hardy and Shark opened fire with Hardy damaged by the cruiser.

Battle report from HMS Hardy : "Wireless shot away, holed on waterline, bridge wrecked, severely damaged by 0600 with steering gear disabled and had to turn out of line, managed to proceed at 0620 and limped into port escorted by Spitfire"

Two crewmen lost their lives and are buried here side by side.
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CWGC Immingham (St. Andrew) Churchyard - Immingham, North East Lincolnshire, Thursday 15th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Immingham (St. Andrew) Churchyard - Immingham, North East Lincolnshire, Thursday 15th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

HMS Meteor was a Thornycroft M-class destroyer that served in the Royal Navy. Meteor saw extensive service throughout World War I, maintaining continuous operations both as a convoy escort and in harbour protection.

Meteor served with the Harwich Force from 1914–1917.

On the 23rd January 1915, the German battlecruisers under Admiral Franz von Hipper made a sortie to attack British fishing boats on the Dogger Bank. British Naval Intelligence was warned of the raid by radio messages and sent out the Battlecruiser Force from Rosyth, commanded by Admiral Beatty aboard HMS Lion and the Harwich Force, commanded by Commodore Reginald Tyrwhitt aboard the light cruiser Arethusa were sent out to intercept the German force. Meteor was one of seven M-class destroyers sailing with the Harwich Force. The British and German Forces met on the morning of the 24th January in the Battle of Dogger Bank. On sighting the British, Hipper ordered his ships to head south-east to escape them, who set off in pursuit. Being the fastest destroyers available to the British, the seven M-class were sent ahead to report the strength of the German forces.

Although briefly forced to turn away by fire from the armoured cruiser Blücher, they managed to successfully report the German's strength and course before being ordered to pull back and take up station ahead of the British line as Beatty's battlecruisers came into gun range of the German ships.

At about 09:20, German destroyers appeared to be preparing a torpedo attack, and the British destroyers were ordered ahead of the line in order to prevent such an attack. Only the M-class destroyers had sufficient speed to respond and slowly draw ahead of the British battlecruisers, but no attack by German destroyers followed. Later, at about 11:00, an emergency turn to avoid a non-existent German submarine and misinterpretation of signals from Lion caused the British battlecruisers to concentrate on Blücher, already badly damaged and trailing well behind the other German ships, and allowing the rest of Hipper's fleet to escape. Meteor led three other destroyers in a torpedo attack against Blücher but was hit by a shell in the forward boiler room which knocked her out of action, killing four and wounding two. Blücher was eventually overwhelmed by British shells and torpedoes, sinking at 12:10, while Meteor was towed back to the Humber by the destroyer Liberty.

Meteor continued to carry out minelaying operations for the rest of the war, laying magnetic mines off Ostend during August 1918. In total, Meteor laid 1082 mines during the First World War.

The destroyer was sold for scrapping in May 1921.
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CWGC Immingham (St. Andrew) Churchyard - Immingham, North East Lincolnshire, Thursday 15th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

On the 27th November 1915, the boiler of HMS Albatross exploded, killing three of her crew :

BAYS, John W, Stoker, RNR, V 752

ELLIOTT, Alfred E, Leading Stoker, K 4555

HAM, Philip, Chief Stoker, 288247
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CWGC Immingham (St. Andrew) Churchyard - Immingham, North East Lincolnshire, Thursday 15th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

HMS Chester was a Town-class light cruiser of the Royal Navy, one of two ships forming the Birkenhead subtype. Along with sister ship, Birkenhead, she was originally ordered for the Greek Navy in 1914 and was to be named Lambros Katsonis. The order was placed with Cammell Laird and production continued for the Greek account after the outbreak of the First World War in August 1914. In 1915 the two cruisers were purchased by the British government. She fought at the Battle of Jutland where casualties included John 'Jack' Cornwell who was awarded the highest honour, aged 16.

Charles Blaydon was serving on Chester during the battle and died a month later. I can only assume that he suffered wounds during the battle and passed away back on home soil.
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CWGC Immingham (St. Andrew) Churchyard - Immingham, North East Lincolnshire, Thursday 15th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Immingham (St. Andrew) Churchyard - Immingham, North East Lincolnshire, Thursday 15th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

There are a number of burials within Scunthorpe Cemetery, some of which make up a small war grave plot.
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CWGC Scunthorpe (Crosby) Cemetery - Scunthrope, North Lincolnshire, Thursday 15th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Scunthorpe (Crosby) Cemetery - Scunthrope, North Lincolnshire, Thursday 15th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Scunthorpe (Crosby) Cemetery - Scunthrope, North Lincolnshire, Thursday 15th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Scunthorpe (Crosby) Cemetery - Scunthrope, North Lincolnshire, Thursday 15th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Scunthorpe (Crosby) Cemetery - Scunthrope, North Lincolnshire, Thursday 15th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

This was the last location I visited on the first day of my trip around Lincolnshire and as I was staying over just down the road from the Humber Bridge, I thought it would be rude not to finish the day by having a stroll by the river.
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Humber Bridge - Barton-upon-Humber, North Lincolnshire, Thursday 15th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr
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SuffolkBlue

Re: CWGC Cemeteries **updated 14/11/2019**

Postby Blackbird on Sat 21 Dec 2019, 10:13 am

I recently was on holiday in Assam, India and was taken to a CWGC cemetery in Gauhati. It was unlike any CWGC cemetery that I've visited before, and was mainly memorials rather than graves we were told. Just a few photos from a brief visit:
Image610A5737 by Andrew Shaw, on Flickr

Image610A5738 by Andrew Shaw, on Flickr

Image610A5744 by Andrew Shaw, on Flickr

I hope these are of interest.

Andy
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Blackbird
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Re: CWGC Cemeteries **updated 14/11/2019**

Postby SuffolkBlue on Fri 27 Dec 2019, 9:11 pm

Thanks for the post Andy, really interesting to see.

I have managed to research a couple more locations from my visit to Lincolnshire back in the summer. I'm sure we all know the history of RAF Binbrook and there are a number of casualties buried at St. Mary Churchyard in the village from wartime operations as well as post war.

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CWGC Binbrook (St. Mary) Churchyard - Binbrook, Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

On the 9th December 1952, Squadron Leader Michael John O'Bryen-Nicholls was carrying out a GCA (Ground Controlled Approach) Overshoot in English Electric Canberra B2 WD964, and all appeared normal until after the aircraft had passed the GCA caravan, when the pilot called the control tower, advising them that he had lost all of the aircraft's instruments.

The Canberra continued along the line of the runway at RAF Binbrook and crashed three and a half miles beyond the airfield. The cause of the accident was attributed to the tailplane actuator remained in the fully "nose down" position, after the flaps were raised during the over shoot. All three crew were killed

Crew of Canberra WD964
Squadron Leader Michael John O'Bryen-Nicholls (pilot and Commanding Officer of 617 Squadron from June 1952)
Pilot Officer Roy Frederick Bridle (navigator)
Flying Officer David Izatt (Observer)
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CWGC Binbrook (St. Mary) Churchyard - Binbrook, Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

On 29th July 1942, Vickers Wellington II W5424 suffered an engine failure on take off from RAF Binbrook for an operational flight to Saarbrucken. The aircraft stalled and crashed and the crew of five were sadly killed and all buried here.
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CWGC Binbrook (St. Mary) Churchyard - Binbrook, Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Frederick Raymond Keys of Albury, New South Wales, Australia was the bomb aimer on Handley Page Halifax II DT481 based at RAF Breighton in Yorkshire when the crew was detailed on the 19th September 1942 to carry out an air firing exercise, but to make a call first to the drome at RAF Binbrook.

The aircraft overshot the drome on its first approach, and when it overshot again on the second approach, smoke was pouring from the starboard outer engine which had failed and caught fire. At 10:30 hours while making a gentle turn to the left at 800 feet the aircraft stalled, then spun and crashed. All of the Australian crew on board were killed.
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CWGC Binbrook (St. Mary) Churchyard - Binbrook, Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Binbrook (St. Mary) Churchyard - Binbrook, Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

On the 2nd April 1954, English Electric Canberra B2 WF891 suffered an engine failure on take-off from RAF Binbrook, banked and the wing hit the ground, then swung into the ground-controlled approach van, killing Squadron Leader J S Millington and 1 other.
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CWGC Binbrook (St. Mary) Churchyard - Binbrook, Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

One of the first aircraft to be lost from RAF Binbrook was Fairey Battle L5568 I.

On the 31st July 1940, it was one of six sent on what proved to be an abortive raid on German shipping targets. On its way back, the Battle was attacked by British fighters near Marblethorpe, killing the 3 man crew who are all buried here together.
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CWGC Binbrook (St. Mary) Churchyard - Binbrook, Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

English Electric Lightning F.6 XS924 crashed on the 29th April 1968 following loss of control shortly after take off from RAF Binbrook. It was to rendezvous with a Victor for a flypast over Scampton to mark the stand-down of Bomber Command.

Flt Lt Al Davey of No. 5 Squadron was sadly killed.
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CWGC Binbrook (St. Mary) Churchyard - Binbrook, Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

No. 12 Squadron Vickers Wellington W5585 took off from RAF Binbrook at 18:15hrs on the 26th January 1942 to raid Hannover. As the aircraft became airborne, part of the bombload fell out and exploded. 4 other aircraft were damaged by this incident. 4 of the 6 man crew were killed, and all are buried here in one grave.
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CWGC Binbrook (St. Mary) Churchyard - Binbrook, Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

The No. 12 Squadron crew of Vickers Wellington II W5611 took off from RAF Brinbrook at 18:03 on an operational flight to Wilhelmshaven in Germany.

At 23:30 their aircraft crashed near Brumby, Lincolnshire as the result of an engine fire and loss of height.

Four of the 6 man crew died in the crash, 3 of which are buried here back at Binbrook

F/Sgt C.F. O'Connell RNZAF.
Sgt D.A. Laing RAF.
Sgt T.A. Delaney RAF.
F/Sgt E.A. Parsons RCAF.
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CWGC Binbrook (St. Mary) Churchyard - Binbrook, Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Flight Lieutenant Neil MacLachlan, was an ex RAF Binbrook English Electric Lightning pilot who went on to fly with the Red Arrows. Sadly he was killed at RAF Scampton when practising an inverted low level manoeuvre on the 22nd January 1988.
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CWGC Binbrook (St. Mary) Churchyard - Binbrook, Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr
Last edited by SuffolkBlue on Sat 28 Dec 2019, 8:19 am, edited 1 time in total.
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SuffolkBlue

Re: CWGC Cemeteries **updated 14/11/2019**

Postby SuffolkBlue on Fri 27 Dec 2019, 9:28 pm

During the Second World War there were a number of R.A.F. stations within a few miles of Newark, from many of which operated squadrons of the Polish Air Force. A special plot was set aside in Newark Cemetery for R.A.F. burials and this is now the war graves plot, where all but ten of the 90 Commonwealth and all of the 397 Polish burials were made. The cemetery also contains 49 scattered burials of the First World War. A memorial cross to the Polish airmen buried here was erected in the plot and was unveiled in 1941 by President Raczkiewicz, ex-President of the Polish Republic and head of the war time Polish Government in London, supported by General Sikorski, Commander-in-Chief of the Polish Forces and war time Polish Prime Minister.

When both men subsequently died, General Sikorski in 1943 and President Raczkiewicz in 1947, they were buried at the foot of the Polish Memorial. General Sikorski's remains were returned to Poland in 1993, but there is still a memorial to him at Newark.

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CWGC Newark-upon-Trent Cemetery - Newark-upon-Trent, Nottinghamshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Newark-upon-Trent Cemetery - Newark-upon-Trent, Nottinghamshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Newark-upon-Trent Cemetery - Newark-upon-Trent, Nottinghamshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Michal Zarebowicz was killed whilst flying in Vickers Wellington IC, DV804 of No 18 OTU, which crashed on landing at RAF Finningley during his first solo night landing on the 29th March 1943.
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CWGC Newark-upon-Trent Cemetery - Newark-upon-Trent, Nottinghamshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Vickers Wellington IC HX384 of 304 (Ziemia Slaska) Squadron crashed into the sea after taking off from RAF Dale, Pembroke, on the 11th August 1942. The crew of six Polish nationals perished in the crash.

The wreckage was found on the 21st September 1991 by divers from the Llantrisant Sub Aqua Club.
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CWGC Newark-upon-Trent Cemetery - Newark-upon-Trent, Nottinghamshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Vickers Wellington T2576 failed to take off during a training flight and crashed near the perimeter of RAF Hamswelll, Lincolnshire, on the 25th July 1941. Pilot Officer Rebuszynski was killed in the crash.
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CWGC Newark-upon-Trent Cemetery - Newark-upon-Trent, Nottinghamshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

The 300 ("Ziemi Mazowieckiej") Squadron crew of Vickers Wellington IV Z1265 took off from RAF Hemswell at 17:48 for a raid on Hamburg on the 15th January 1942.

On the homeward leg, the aircraft encountered severe icing. It crashed due to engine failure at Clipstone 5 miles NE of Mansfield,Nottinghamshire. All the crew are buried in the Polish plot here at Newark Cemetery.

Flt Lt J Bak PAF +
Sgt F Chylewski PAF +
Fg Off W Mosiewicz PAF +
Plt Off S Berdys PAF +
Sgt P K Krenzel PAF +
Sgt M W Lagodzinski PAF +
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CWGC Newark-upon-Trent Cemetery - Newark-upon-Trent, Nottinghamshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Newark-upon-Trent Cemetery - Newark-upon-Trent, Nottinghamshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

The crew of Handley Page Halifax II JN967 took off from RAF Blyton, Lincolnshire at 17:52 for a night navigation exercise on the 11th November 1944.

At 18:00 the aircraft crashed in flames from 3000ft at East Ferry, Lincolnshire, after one starboard engine caught fire. The aircraft was so thoroughly destroyed that the exact cause of the engine fire could not be determined. Sgt L. Milewski PAF KIA, Sgt S. Manek PAF KIA, Sgt S. Babiacki PAF KIA, P/O M.E. Wisniewski PAF KIA, Sgt F. Piwoda PAF KIA, Sgt M. Kozlowski PAF KIA, Sgt J. Rzestelny PAF KIA.
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CWGC Newark-upon-Trent Cemetery - Newark-upon-Trent, Nottinghamshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

On the 29th July 1942, Handley PageHampden AT113 of 408 Sqn crashed at 15:16hrs whilst on an air-test from RAF Balderton, Nottinghamshire, prior to the Saarbrucken raid that night. The aircraft crashed into a field of oats 2 miles south-east of the airfield. There were two air cadets, both 16 years old, on board and had been taken up for an air experience flight.

S/L L.B.B. Price DFC RCAF
Sgt I. Hughes
Cdt G. Hughes ATC
Cdt K.R. Couzin Wood ATC
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CWGC Newark-upon-Trent Cemetery - Newark-upon-Trent, Nottinghamshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Newark-upon-Trent Cemetery - Newark-upon-Trent, Nottinghamshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Newark-upon-Trent Cemetery - Newark-upon-Trent, Nottinghamshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

On the 26th May 1944, the 7 man crew of 5 LFS (Lancashire Finishing School) took off from RAF Syerston, Nottinghamshire, on a combined nighttime navigation and bombing exercise.

Their aircraft was reported to enter a dive from 8,000ft at 22:15 and crashed near the village of Gonalston, Nottinghamshire, killing all on board.

Some reports state that the accident was caused by the parachute harness of one of the crew getting tangled with the flying controls shortly after climb out form the airfield.
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CWGC Newark-upon-Trent Cemetery - Newark-upon-Trent, Nottinghamshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

The crew of No. 61 Squadron Avro Lancaster III JB132 boarded their aircraft at RAF Syerston, Notts, on the 31st August 1943 for a raid to Berlin.

Of the 622 aircraft that took part on the raid, 47 were lost. The high loss rate was due to the first time of fighter flares dropped by German aircraft to mark the bomb route. The raid was hampered by cloud and was not deemed a success, with only 1 industrial building damaged. 66 civilians and 2 German soldiers were killed. 237 aircrew were killed with 102 becoming POW's.

After completing their bomb run, JB132 started to make the journey back to Syerston. When over the airfield, they collided with Lancaster I R5698. Both aircraft came down with all of the crew members losing their lives.
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CWGC Newark-upon-Trent Cemetery - Newark-upon-Trent, Nottinghamshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

On the 4th February 1946, the crew of 300 Squadron Avro Lancaster were overflying Wigston, Leicestershire, in very poor weather condition when their aircraft and spiraled into the ground. During the descent, the aircraft disintegrated in the air with wreckagefound across the town and several houses were damaged.

While there were no casualties on the ground, all six crew members were killed.

W/Cdr R. Sulinski, pilot,
F/O W. Jedrzejczyk, navigator,
F/O C. Sulgut, air gunner,
W/O W. Brzezinski, wireless operator,
W/O M. Szwandt, air bomber,
F/Sgt F. Mikula, flight engineer.
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CWGC Newark-upon-Trent Cemetery - Newark-upon-Trent, Nottinghamshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Newark-upon-Trent Cemetery - Newark-upon-Trent, Nottinghamshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Andrzej Wisniewski and Jan Klimczyk were on board Vickers Wellington IC, DV783 of No 18 OTU when it crashed and burst into flames shortly after taking off from RAF Thurleigh on a transit flight, on the 18th May 1942.
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CWGC Newark-upon-Trent Cemetery - Newark-upon-Trent, Nottinghamshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Navigator Josef Gasecki of No. 307 (Polish) Squadron boarded de Havilland Mosquito XII HK194 at RAF Church Fenton, Yorkshire, on the 18th September 1944 for a sortie to Holland in support of Operation Market Garden. On returning to England, his aircraft collided with another Mosquito, HK228 at a height of 400 metres.

His aircraft came down at Withcall Station, Lincolnshire and was killed in the crash, along with his pilot Stanislaw Madej.

The crew of the other Mosquito managed to crash land their aircraft and escape before it exploded.
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CWGC Newark-upon-Trent Cemetery - Newark-upon-Trent, Nottinghamshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Newark-upon-Trent Cemetery - Newark-upon-Trent, Nottinghamshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

On the 24th June 1944, Andrzej Madejowski was killed whilst flying in Avro Lancaster III, EE124 BH-M of No 300 Sqn. His aircraft was damaged by flak on the return from a raid against a V-1 site at Les Hayona, and while flying on just 2 engines, the aircraft crashed between Linwood and Lissington near Market Rasen in Lincolnshire.
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CWGC Newark-upon-Trent Cemetery - Newark-upon-Trent, Nottinghamshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

de Havilland Mosquito NS901 crash landed at RAF Lasham on the 25th May 1944 after receiving damage from AA guns over Cologne. Both airmen were killed: F/Lt Kolacz and Sgt Kruszynski.
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CWGC Newark-upon-Trent Cemetery - Newark-upon-Trent, Nottinghamshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

At approximately 17:15 hours on the evening of the 6th February 1942 a force of nine Vickers Wellingtons from 300 Squadron took off from RAF Hemswell in Lincolnshire. They were part of a main force totalling 57 Wellingtons and three Stirlings.

One such aircraft was Z1282 BH-F (F-Freddie) with a crew of 6, including Wireless Operators / Air Gunners Czeslaw Bialy & Stefan Niczewski.

The target were the German capital ships Scharnhorst & Gneisenau, which were sheltering at the time in Brest harbour, France. The crew released their bombs over the target area and made their journey back to base. They were unaware that during the release of the bombs, a photoflash flare had failed to drop during the release and remained hooked up in the bomb rack. This was almost certainly due to the mechanism icing up during the aircraft's passage through the frontal system over the target.

When the aircraft started to fly through warmer air, the selection gear started to thaw and became active. When the pilot made a tight turn to get a bearing over the South coast of England, the flare dropped on the closed bomb bay doors. The following explosion tore off the astrodome and fabric as far back as the tail. With air now flowing through the geometric fuselage of the aircraft, the pilot opted to make an emergency landing at RAF Exeter.

After one missed approach, the aircraft stalled and crashed, killing 3 of the crew.
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CWGC Newark-upon-Trent Cemetery - Newark-upon-Trent, Nottinghamshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

On the night of 12th / 13th July 1944 the crew of 18 Operational Training Unit Vickers Wellington Z1696 took off from RAF Finningley at 22.45hrs to undertake a night time cross country training exercise.

With the route of the training flight complete the crew joined the landing circuit of Finningley and were awaiting instruction to land at 02.30hrs when the aircraft crashed around a mile south of the airfield near the Mount Pleasant Hotel, North Road, Rossington. Sadly all 6 Polish crew members on board were killed in the crash.
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CWGC Newark-upon-Trent Cemetery - Newark-upon-Trent, Nottinghamshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Zbigniew Kazimierz Staerz was killed whilst flying in North American Harvard IIB, FT395 of No 16 (P) SFTS, when it collided with Airspeed Oxford, EB797 over Newton during a training flight on the 18th February 1945. Rodomir Walczak was flying in the Oxford at the time of the collision.
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CWGC Newark-upon-Trent Cemetery - Newark-upon-Trent, Nottinghamshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

On the 1st October 1942, the 6 man crew of Avro Lancaster I R5703 took off from RAF Syverston for a raid to Wismar.

As the Lancaster cleared the runway, the immersion switch on the dinghy activated, causing it to break free and foul the tail plane. A shallow dive commenced and the bomber hit the ground 1 mile NE of Gunthorpe, Nottingham, killing all on board.
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CWGC Newark-upon-Trent Cemetery - Newark-upon-Trent, Nottinghamshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

On the 12th September 1942, Sgt G M Frame RCAF & F/S W G Keogh RCAF took off from RAF Balderton for circuit practice training but their aircraft stalled and crashed at 21:23hrs, bursting into flames, just over 2 miles NE of the airfield.

Both airmen are buried here in Newark-upon-Trent Cemetery.

This was the last Hampden written off by an operational Bomber Command squadron.
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CWGC Newark-upon-Trent Cemetery - Newark-upon-Trent, Nottinghamshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Just before midnight on Tuesday 24th June 1941, two Vickers Wellingtons from 305 (Polish) Squadron left RAF Syerston, near Newark in Lincolnshire, for an attack on the docks at Boulogne.

One of the Wellington's, W5723, coded 'F', had an inexperienced crew and Squadron Leader Kielich was flying with them as an additional but experienced pilot.

Over the target there was no cloud, but it was misty and very dark. Squadron Leader Kielich's aircraft made its attack and then turned for home. About 15 miles west of Calais the Wellington was hit by anti-aircraft gunfire from an unidentified ship. The port engine stopped shortly afterwards and the
starboard engine soon showed signs of overheating, so the pilot altered course to make for RAF Stradishall in Suffolk.

As the Wellington reached the coast near Clacton, Squadron Leader Kielich ordered the crew to parachute stations.

The rear gunner, Sergeant Frankowski, baled out and came down safely at Great Holland, but the aircraft turned out to sea (the squadron's records speculate that it was perhaps to avoid the damage that a bomber crashing on land would cause) and the remaining crew apparently baled out over the water; the squadron's records add that the Wellington was seen to dive steeply into the water.

At 2:25 a.m. on 25th June, the Coastguards reported that the bomber was believed to be down in the sea several miles to the east of Clacton and the Clacton lifeboat was launched at 3:15 a.m.

A light south-east wind was blowing and the sea was smooth. Two miles south-east of Holland Haven the lifeboat found the aircraft's navigator, Pilot Officer Idzikowski, swimming in the water and afterwards picked up the bomber's empty dinghy.

As the navigator was unhurt, the lifeboat continued the search for the other airmen, but without success. After two hours the lifeboat returned to Clacton to land Pilot Officer Idzikowski, then put to sea again and continued the search until 8:30 a.m.

Later in the day Squadron Leader Kielich's body was found in the sea off Walton-on-the-Naze. A week later, on 2 July, the body of Sergeant Lewoniec (Wireless Operator) was recovered from the sea off Holland-on-Sea attached to an opened parachute; the military authorities pronouncing the cause of death as apparently head injuries and drowning.

The body of Sergeant Januszkiewicz (2nd Pilot) was also subsequently found, but Sergeant Witczac (Wireless Operator/Air Gunner) remained missing.

The squadron's records state that the wreckage of Wellington W5723 was salvaged.
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CWGC Newark-upon-Trent Cemetery - Newark-upon-Trent, Nottinghamshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Newark-upon-Trent Cemetery - Newark-upon-Trent, Nottinghamshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Navigator Cezary Wieczorek was on board Vickers Wellington I R1392 when his aircraft was hit in the port engine by flak whilst on its way home from a bombing mission over Boulogne, France. One crewman baled out either over the target or over the sea and his body was never found. The pilot managed to regain control and another two crewman baled out over England and survived, one landing in a tree where he was left suspended by his parachute. At first, the other survivor was mistaken for a German flier then he was assisted and taken to hospital. The plane crashed at Darwell Hole near Brightling in Sussex.

The aircraft struck a tree and the remaining crew were very badly burned in the ensuing fireball. The bodies were taken to RAF Hawkinge and returned to Newark for burial. The tree they hit is still standing today.
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CWGC Newark-upon-Trent Cemetery - Newark-upon-Trent, Nottinghamshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

On the 4th July 1943, Consolidated Liberator AL523 from RAF Transport Command took off from Gibraltar for England. On board was General Władysław Sikorski, Prime Minister of Poland's London-based government in exile and Commander-in-Chief of its armed forces, returning from visiting Polish troops in the Middle East.

The aircraft climbed normally from the runway, levelled off to gather speed but then suddenly lost height and crashed into the harbour. The 62-year-old general died, along with 15 others. The sole survivor was the Czech-born pilot, Eduard Prchal, who was rescued by an RAF launch. The bodies of five passengers and crew, including Sikorski's daughter, were never found.

Sikorski was subsequently buried in a brick-lined grave here at the Polish War Cemetery in Newark-on-Trent on the 16 July 1943. Winston Churchill delivered a eulogy at his funeral. On the 14th September 1993, his remains were exhumed and transferred via Polish Air Force TU-154M, and escorted by RAF 56 Sqn Tornado F3 jets, to the royal crypts at Wawel Castle in Kraków, Poland.
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CWGC Newark-upon-Trent Cemetery - Newark-upon-Trent, Nottinghamshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Wladyslaw Raczkiewicz was a Polish politician, lawyer, diplomat and the first president of the Polish government-in-exile from 1939 until his death in 1947. Until 1945 he was the internationally recognized Polish head of state, and the Polish Government in Exile was recognized as the continuum to the Polish government of 1939.

When Poland was invaded by the Wehrmacht in 1939, he escaped to Angers where the Polish government-in-exile was established. He lived in the nearby Château de Pignerolle from the 2nd December 1939 until moving on the 10th June 1940 to London, where he joined General Władysław Sikorski and Stanisław Mikołajczyk in the relocated Polish government in exile. He was an opponent of the Sikorski–Mayski agreement.

The government under Raczkiewicz and Sikorski promoted a liberal-democratic agenda with equal rights for the Polish-Jewish minority - a view not shared by the majority of Polish society at the time, and a departure from pre-war antisemitic administrations.

In February 1945, Joseph Stalin, Winston Churchill and Franklin D. Roosevelt held the Yalta Conference. The future of Poland was one of the main topics that was deliberated upon. Stalin claimed that only a strong, pro-Soviet government in Poland would be able to guarantee the security of the Soviet Union. As a result of the conference, the Allies agreed to withdraw their recognition of the Polish Government in Exile, after the formation of a new government on Polish territory.

Raczkiewicz died in exile in 1947, in the Welsh town of Ruthin. He is buried here in the cemetery at Newark-on-Trent.
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CWGC Newark-upon-Trent Cemetery - Newark-upon-Trent, Nottinghamshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Newark-upon-Trent Cemetery - Newark-upon-Trent, Nottinghamshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Newark-upon-Trent Cemetery - Newark-upon-Trent, Nottinghamshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Located outside the war grave plot are a number or post war & wartime civilians burials

On the 20th September 1958, at 13.55, Avro Vulcan VX770 crashed at RAF Syerston while taking part in their Battle of Britain display.

VX770 was the first prototype Vulcan, and on this flight it was flown by a Rolls Royce crew, which included one RAF member, the navigator. The flight was a test flight for Conway engines, but with a request to do a fly past at Syerston if their timing would permit.

The crew for the flight was:
Mr. K. R. Sturt (Captain)
Mr. R. W. Ford (2nd Pilot)
Flt. Lt. R. M. Parrott (Navigator)
Mr. W. E. Howkins (Flight Engineer)

The pilot came in too fast and the wing imploded, with the aircraft crashing into the ground, killing the crew and three ground crew: Sgt. E. D. Simpson, Sgt. C. Hanson and S.A.C. Tonks. The ground crew were associated with a ground caravan near the crash point.
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CWGC Newark-upon-Trent Cemetery - Newark-upon-Trent, Nottinghamshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

On the 14th October 1955, Sqn Ldr George Herbert Tasney was killed whilst flying in Percival Provost T1, WV502 of No 1 Flying Training School, which stalled and crashed into a wood near Winkburn in Nottinghamshire at a steep angle during a final handling test. The Royal Navy student was also killed.
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CWGC Newark-upon-Trent Cemetery - Newark-upon-Trent, Nottinghamshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr


On the morning of the 17th March 1948, a number of airmen of No.1 Air Navigation School were undertaking training exercises in two separate aircraft. Both were Vickers Wellington T10s .

At 09.47am, one Wellington (RP565) had just taken off and was climbing away to join the circuit in a left hand turn. Another Wellington (RP499) was descending to join the circuit and was probably making a banked left turn. The two aircraft collided just north of the airfield and both aircraft broke up in the air.

A large part of one landed on the Sgt's Mess inside the Camp and a large part of the other crashed into a field a few hundred yards away. The Mess sustained serious damage to it but there were no casualties on the ground. Sadly all eight airmen (four on each aircraft) were killed in the incident. Their names however have not been traced to actually who was on which aircraft as the station record of this was not completed. Which aircraft hit the mess is also not 100% confirmed.

The accident was put down to neither aircraft's pilot being able to see the other. Here after it was recommended that the seat next to the pilot should be occupied so that there could be a lookout on the blind (right) side. This was a known Wellington quirk but was not looked at during Wartime flying.

Pilot (of RP499) - F/Lt Franciszek Kula MM RAF (P/2204), aged 34, originally from W.Bukowiec, Poland. Buried Newark Cemetery, Nottinghamshire.
Pilot (of RP565) - Pilot II Colin Bass RAF (1603236), aged 25, of High Wycombe, Bucks. Buried West Wycombe, Buckinghamshire.

The other six airmen were....

Signaller II Walter Ernest Leslie Howell RAF (1023588), aged 27, of Bargoed, Glamorgan. Buried Bedwellty Churchyard, Bargoed, Monmouthshire.
Signaller II Arthur Edward Highman RAF (1333571), aged 25, of Peckham, London. Buried Norwood Cemetery, West Norwood, London.
F/Lt William James Jones RAF (153310), aged 25, of Lambeth, London. Buried Topcliffe Cemetery, Yorkshire.
F/Lt Robert Sneddon Laird RAF (149193), aged 31, of Falkirk, Stirlingshire. Buried Bo'ness Cemetery, West Lothian.
F/Lt Harry Corelius New RAF (165262), aged 26, of Smethwick, Staffordshire. Buried Uplands Cemetery, Smethwick, Staffordshire.
F/Lt John Edge Kerslake RAF (182652), aged 24, of Rainworth, Nottinghamshire. Buried Topcliffe Cemetery, Yorkshire.
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CWGC Newark-upon-Trent Cemetery - Newark-upon-Trent, Nottinghamshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Ransome & Marles Bearing Company Limited was founded in Newark in 1916 making ball and roller bearing during the First World War to make bearings for aircraft and other engines.

On the Friday afternoon of the 7th March 1941, 41 people died and 165 more were injured when Luftwaffe bombers targeted the factory.

The raid began when many workers were returning from lunch at about 1.40pm. A low-flying Heinkel approached the factory from the south along the railway line. Two bombs landed in the factory, another on the street and a fourth on an air raid shelter next to nearby Stanley Street. The plane then passed over again and dropped a further bomb, which did not explode.

There was another attack at 2.25pm, when five bombs were dropped. One exploded and wounded many of the rescue workers.

As a result of the raid 29 men and 12 women were killed. One young woman was never found and presumed dead. Amongst those killed, were a young woman who had planned to get married the following weekend and a man who had recently been discharged from the army. Sixty-five people were admitted to Newark Hospital and 100 more were treated at the works own underground hospital.
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CWGC Newark-upon-Trent Cemetery - Newark-upon-Trent, Nottinghamshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Newark-upon-Trent Cemetery - Newark-upon-Trent, Nottinghamshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr
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SuffolkBlue

Re: CWGC Cemeteries

Postby SuffolkBlue on Mon 06 Jan 2020, 6:38 pm

Grimsby (Scartho Road) Cemetery contains 291 scattered burials of the First World War, many of them seamen who served with the Auxiliary Patrol which operated out of Grimsby.

During the Second World War, boats of the Grimsby fishing fleet were attacked at sea, and the town and port were bombed many times, incurring casualties among servicemen as well as civilians. The cemetery contains 261 Second World War burials, almost 200 of them forming this war graves plot.

There are also 17 war burials of other nationalities, many of them German prisoners of war from the camp at nearby Weelsby.

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CWGC Grimsby (Scartho Road) Cemetery - Grimsby, North East Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

The Stone of Remembrance was designed by the British architect Sir Edwin Lutyens for the Imperial War Graves Commission. It was designed to commemorate the dead of World War I, to be used in IWGC war cemeteries containing 1000 or more graves, or at memorial sites commemorating more than 1000 war dead.

The phrase inscribed on the stone, one of several suggested during the design phase, was proposed by the British author, poet and Nobel laureate Rudyard Kipling, whose only son had died in the war. Kipling's role was to advise the IWGC on inscriptions and other literary matters, and the phrase used on the Stones of Remembrance is a quote from the Wisdom of Sirach.

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CWGC Grimsby (Scartho Road) Cemetery - Grimsby, North East Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Giuseppe Tedesco died while a Prisoner of War at Weelsby POW Camp, north of Grimsby, on the 21st December 1944.
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CWGC Grimsby (Scartho Road) Cemetery - Grimsby, North East Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

HMS Silicia was an MS Trawler for the Royal Navy completed on the 14th January 1913. She was mined and sunk off the Humber on the 8th May 1941.
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CWGC Grimsby (Scartho Road) Cemetery - Grimsby, North East Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Grimsby (Scartho Road) Cemetery - Grimsby, North East Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

John William Vincent was an English seaman and member of Ernest Shackleton's Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition. He was one of the five men who accompanied Shackleton on his epic crossing from Elephant Island to South Georgia and was one of only four of the crew of Endurance not to receive the Polar Medal.

He became a sailor at the age of 13, and later became a trawlerman working in the North Sea fleet out of Hull. At the time, trawling was one of the most dangerous of trades.

The Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition was organised by Ernest Shackleton as an attempt to be the first expedition to cross the Antarctic continent. Vincent was originally taken on as the bosun, but after a row with Thomas Orde-Lees and complaints of bullying from members of the fo'c'sle crew, he was called to Shackleton's cabin and demoted to Able Seaman. He did not cause any further trouble, but Shackleton kept a watchful eye on him: after the Endurance was crushed by the ice and the men were forced to use the three small lifeboats to reach Elephant Island, Shackleton made sure that Vincent was among the men in his boat. He also chose him as part of the six-man crew of the James Caird who were to sail to South Georgia to fetch help. Though some sources say Shackleton didn't want to leave him on the island where he could spread dissent, this contradicts Shackleton's own feelings about needing a strong crew to navigate to South Georgia, and Vincent was noted as the fittest man on arriving at Elephant Island. Vincent and Harry McNish were pitched into the water as the boat was launched, and Vincent's refusal to exchange his jersey led to unkind comments among the beach party that he had some of their possessions concealed about his person, though this also has conflicting reports. Although Vincent was the strongest man in the crew, he fared badly during the voyage to South Georgia: he was almost washed overboard, when chipping ice that had accumulated on the Caird, only just grabbing the main mast in time. Shackleton recorded that two of the crew, Vincent and McNish, were very close to death, and although McNish showed "grit and spirit", Vincent ceased to be an active member of the crew, because he had become so ill.

When the crew of the James Caird arrived at South Georgia, they landed on the wrong side of the island. While the rest of the crew busied themselves with preparations for the trip over the mountains which they had to make to reach the whaling station at Husvik, Vincent showed no signs of improvement. McNish recorded in his diary:

While the skipper does the Nimrod & bring home the food Vincent lays down by the fire & smokes some times coming out for more wood while the Boss & Crean looks after the cooking & McCarthy is my assistant.

It was clear that neither McNish nor Vincent could continue, so Shackleton left them in the care of Timothy McCarthy and set out on the trip over the mountains with Frank Worsley and Tom Crean. After the three men arrived at the whaling station, Shackleton sent Worsley back on board one of the whaling ships to pick up Vincent, McNish and McCarthy and then arranged passage back to England for them while he, Worsley, and Crean set about organising a rescue of the men on Elephant Island.

Shackleton was later to deny Vincent the Polar Medal, awarded to everybody in the crew except McNish, who had rebelled on the ice, and the three trawlermen: William Stephenson, Ernest Holness and Vincent. Alexander Macklin, one of the ship's surgeons, thought the withholding of the medal a bit hard: "They were perhaps not very endearing characters but they never let the expedition down".

In 1918 Vincent joined the crew of a vessel chartered by the Foreign Office which was torpedoed while on service in the Mediterranean. He survived, and after World War I again took up work as a trawlerman. He worked for a time in Finland, but although he was offered a permanent position as a fishing instructor with the Finnish government, his wife did not wish to move. Instead he settled in Grimsby where he and his wife raised a family of five sons and four daughters.

During World War II he served in the Royal Naval Reserve and was given command of the armed trawler HM Trawler Alfredian which worked off the North and East coasts. While on board the Alfredian he developed pneumonia and was transferred to the Naval Hospital in Grimsby. He died on the 19th January 1941.
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CWGC Grimsby (Scartho Road) Cemetery - Grimsby, North East Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Heinkel He 111H-3 of 2. Staffel I/KG 26 Schleswig was shot down by Sgt Frank Reginald "Chotau" Carey and Sgt Peter Guy "Oleou" Ottewill in Hurricanes L1726 and L1849 on the 3rd February 1940. The Heinkel remained afloat in the North Sea long enough for the crew to escape, but not long enough to inflate their dingy

The survivors were rescued by the trawler Harlech Castle.

Two of the five crew of the He111H-3 were killed:

Ofw Fritz Wiemer pilot, PoW
Fw Franz Schnee observer, PoW
Uffz Alfred Dietrich wireless operator, PoW
Uffz Willi Wolff mechanic, killed
Uffz Karl-Ernst Thiede gunner, killed

Uffz Karl Ernst Thiede, gunner, disappeared beneath the waves before he could be rescued. His body was recovered and buried here at Scartho Road Cemetery.
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CWGC Grimsby (Scartho Road) Cemetery - Grimsby, North East Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

The trawler HMT Adon was torpedoed and sunk in the North Sea, off Lowestoft, Suffolk, on the 1th April 1943 by an Kriegsmarine E-boat, with the loss of 21 of her 32 crew.
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CWGC Grimsby (Scartho Road) Cemetery - Grimsby, North East Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

2nd Pilot Rovert Leith Cox was on board Vickers Wellington IV Z1410 when it took off from RAF Grimsby o the 2nd June 1942 for an operational sortie. The aircraft soon turned back with failing engines and crashed in forced landing, at Thoresby Bridge, Lincolnshire. Only the rear gunner survived.
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CWGC Grimsby (Scartho Road) Cemetery - Grimsby, North East Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Grimsby (Scartho Road) Cemetery - Grimsby, North East Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Thomas Sleeth was the Skipper on HMT Sea King and lost his life on the 9th October 1940 when his vessel struck a mine and sunk in the Humber Estuary.
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CWGC Grimsby (Scartho Road) Cemetery - Grimsby, North East Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Trawler HMS Relonzo participated in the Dunkirk evacuation but was mined the following year and sunk off Liverpool on the 20th January 1941.
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CWGC Grimsby (Scartho Road) Cemetery - Grimsby, North East Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

The D/S Lysland was in service transporting coal between the east coast of the UK and London when, on the 14th October 1942, she was hit by a torpedo from the German E-boat S-75 in the Hearty Knoll channel off Cromer.

She was in an east coast convoy at the time. Two ships were hit, one being Lysland, which stayed afloat. The resulting fire on board was extinguished and she was taken in tow to Immingham the same day. Lysland's 1st mate, John Eid and 2nd engineer had been killed in the attack, and were buried here in Grimsby.

After repairs she continued in the same service until the spring of 1944.
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CWGC Grimsby (Scartho Road) Cemetery - Grimsby, North East Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

On the 27th February 1941 – a day later called “Bloody Thursday” in the local area – a single Dornier bomber came in low over the docks area, machine-gunned the Cleethorpe Road area (bullet holes can still be seen in the wall of Strand Street School) and dropped a stick of bombs that killed 11 people and badly injured many more. A few buildings along Cleethorpe Road were completely destroyed in the attack.

Special Constable Frank Edgar Fisher was on active duty when he was killed in the air raid.
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CWGC Grimsby (Scartho Road) Cemetery - Grimsby, North East Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

MM Princess Victoria was the first British stern-loading cross-channel car ferry. After two months it was requisitioned by the Admiralty and converted to a Minelayer.

The ship was built as a purpose built car and passenger ferry by William Denny & Bros of Dumbarton, Scotland for the London Midland and Scottish Railway. She is understood to have been the first stern loading cross-channel car ferry. The ship and special berthing facilities at Larne and Stranraer cost nearly £200,000.

The ship way allocated to the Stranraer - Larne route and entered service on 8 July 1939.

In September 1939, after just two months service, Princess Victoria was requisitioned and converted to an auxiliary minelayer. She was commissioned as HMS Princess Victoria and given the pennant number M03. She had a capacity of 244 mines. During her short service she laid 2756 mines.

After laying a minefield off the Dutch coast she struck a mine on the voyage home at the entrance to the Humber Estuary on the 18th May 1940 and sank with 36 crew lost and 85 rescued.
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CWGC Grimsby (Scartho Road) Cemetery - Grimsby, North East Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

On the 19th March 1943 SS Glendalough foundered after detonating a German laid mine off Blakeney Point, Norfolk. She was carrying a cargo of ballast and 5 of the crew of 16 were lost, including Chief Engineer J Nichol, MBE.
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CWGC Grimsby (Scartho Road) Cemetery - Grimsby, North East Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Sergeant Ronald Frih was the Wireless Operator / Air Gunner on Consolidated Catalina GRIIA VA728 when on the 4th November 1943, it overran the runway at RAF Oban, killing all 6 crew members on board.
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CWGC Grimsby (Scartho Road) Cemetery - Grimsby, North East Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Grimsby (Scartho Road) Cemetery - Grimsby, North East Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

On the 22nd March 1941, the crew of 5/KG4 took off from Eindhoven, Netherlands in Heinkel 111/P-4 2938, 5J+KN for a raid on RAF Leeming, Yorkshire.

They became lost on the journey and strayed over the Humber defences. Their aircraft was hit by AA fire and then flew into a balloon cable. They jettisoned their bomb load at low level across the railway sidings at Immingham and crashed just beyond on what is now Hawthorne Avenu, Grimsby at 19.45.

Fw W. Kösling attempted to bale out but was killed when his parachute caught on the tail. Oblt F. Danzenberg was killed in crash. Fw E. Stephan and Fw H. Heisig were taken prisoner. A

Oblt F Danzenberg and Fw W Kosling now rest here at the Grimsby Scartho Cemetery.
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CWGC Grimsby (Scartho Road) Cemetery - Grimsby, North East Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Grimsby (Scartho Road) Cemetery - Grimsby, North East Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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CWGC Grimsby (Scartho Road) Cemetery - Grimsby, North East Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr
User avatar
SuffolkBlue

Re: CWGC Cemeteries

Postby SuffolkBlue on Mon 06 Jan 2020, 6:48 pm

RAF North Coates was a Royal Air Force station in Lincolnshire, six miles south-east of Cleethorpes. It was an active air station duringthe First World War and during the Second World War, was the home of a Coastal Command Strike Wing. From 1958 the base was home to Bloodhound surface-to-air missiles, until it closed in 1990.

In February 1940 the station was transferred to No. 16 Group, Coastal Command, and was first occupied by No.'s 235, 236 and 248 Squadrons, flying the Blenheim in both bomber and long-range fighter variants, until April 1940. North Coates was then occupied by a number of Coastal Command squadrons over the next two years, mostly RAF, but including Fleet Air Arm and Royal Canadian Air Force units, flying a variety of aircraft, mainly Beaufort and Hudson light bombers, but also Hampden and Swordfish torpedo bombers, Avro Anson reconnaissance aircraft and Maryland light bombers. By the end of the war, 120 aircraft were lost and 241 aircrew.

Buried in the villiage St Nicholas Churchyard are 31 airmen of the Commonwealth air forces and Royal Navy Fleet Air Arm. The burials form a small plot which also includes the graves of three German airmen.

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CWGC North Cotes (St. Nicolas) Churchyard - North Cotes, East Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Lieutenant Ferdinand Rechberger was born in Vienna, Austria on the 6th February 1922.

On the 23rd August 1943, his Heinkel was shot down by a Bristol Beaufort operating from RAF North Coates and his body was later found on the sea shore.
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CWGC North Cotes (St. Nicolas) Churchyard - North Cotes, East Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

The 103 Squadron crew of Handley Page Halifax III W1225 took off from RAF Elsham Wolds, North Lincolnshire on the 6th August 1942 on a raid to Duisburg. The six man crew, including Wireless Operator Issac Rutherford, were killed.

The aircraft came down near the coastline and when recovered, the navigator was found strapped into the pilot’s seat. This would likely indicate that the pilot must have been wounded or killed and the aircraft sustained damage. The navigator had some pilot’s experience having started his RAF career training to be a pilot but the retrained as an Observer.
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CWGC North Cotes (St. Nicolas) Churchyard - North Cotes, East Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

The 2 man crew of 236 Squadron Bristol Beaufighter VI, EL322 were returning to RAF North Cotes from a patrol on the 21st September 1942 when a fire broke out on the approach.

The pilot, Joseph Adrien Armand Lionel Bourassa, attempted a forced landing on the edge of the airfield when the engine failed and aircraft crashed, killing both crew.
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CWGC North Cotes (St. Nicolas) Churchyard - North Cotes, East Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

The crew of No. 415 Squadron Handley Page Hampden, AD762, were on Convoy Protection on the 31st July 1942 when they encountered engine problems.

When attepmpted to land back at RAF North Cotes, the aircraft overshot the runway and crashed, killing the 4 man crew of which 3 are buried here,

Crew:

Pilot, F/Sgt B.D.R. McComb, RCAF, R/60452, Medicine Hat, Alberta, Canada
Observer, F/Sgt M. Bloomfield, RCAF, R/61005, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
WO/AG, Sgt R.M. Ennis, RCAF, R/68044, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
WO/AG, Sgt J.H. Labelle, RCAF, R/74876, North Vancouver, B.C., Canada
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CWGC North Cotes (St. Nicolas) Churchyard - North Cotes, East Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Pilot Graeme Mclean of 59 Squadron was killed on the 17th May 1942 when his Lockheed Hudson V AM632 crashed into the North Sea off Donna Nook.
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CWGC North Cotes (St. Nicolas) Churchyard - North Cotes, East Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Gustav Borkowski of Bargensken, Germany, was killed while flying a Dornier 217 that crashed into the North Sea near North Cotes on the 2nd February 1942.
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CWGC North Cotes (St. Nicolas) Churchyard - North Cotes, East Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Lockheed Hudson V AM602 returned early from an air operation on the 22nd January 1942 and was attempting to land at the North Coates satellite airfield at Donna Nook.

The aircraft overshot the first approach and was climbing away for a second attempt when it crashed, hitting the Watch Office. The Hudson caught fire, causing its bomb load to explode.

All four crew members were killed as well as thirteen personnel on the ground.
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CWGC North Cotes (St. Nicolas) Churchyard - North Cotes, East Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Lockheed Hudson V AM719 took off from RAF North Coates pon the 30th July 1941 for a training flight. The aircraft was soon then seen entering a dive and crashed into the ground 1/2 mile from airfield.
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CWGC North Cotes (St. Nicolas) Churchyard - North Cotes, East Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

On the 18th December 1940, Brstol Beaufort I L4516 suffered engine failure and stalled shortly after take-off for night mine-laying sortie to Wilhelmshaven and crashed at Marshchapel, south of Cleethorpes. The mine is was carrying mine exploded on impact.

The 4 man crew were all killed, including Sergeant Paul Victor Renai & Sergeant Ralph Gerald Hart.
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CWGC North Cotes (St. Nicolas) Churchyard - North Cotes, East Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

LAC Frank Innes was killed on the 13th July 1936 whilst flying Hawker Audax, K5227 of No 3 FTS, during an attack on targets on the Theddlethorpe ranges, Lincolnshire.

His aircraft stalled and crashed into the sand dunes.
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CWGC North Cotes (St. Nicolas) Churchyard - North Cotes, East Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Fairey Swordfish L2759 & P4161 collided whilst simulating a dive bomb attack on 'enemy troops' half a mile south of the RAF North Coates on the 30th July 1940.

Both 2 man crews, of No.812 Sqn FA, were killed.
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CWGC North Cotes (St. Nicolas) Churchyard - North Cotes, East Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Helmuth Kressfrom Stuttgart, Germany, died aged 22 on the 2nd October 1940.

His Heinkel He111 was caught in anti-aircraft fire near North Somercotes, Lincolnshire and he passed away at North Coates Fittes Camp.
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CWGC North Cotes (St. Nicolas) Churchyard - North Cotes, East Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

In 1915, twenty-one-year-old Ernest Handley was living in Brisbane and was a member of the Queensland Volunteer Flying Civilians, an organisation formed by Thomas Macleod, a Brisbane barrister. Ernest, along with several other volunteers, helped Thomas Macleod build the first flying machine in Queensland, a Caudron bi-plane reconstructed to incorporate a full-length fuselage.

On the 28th December 1915, Thomas McLeod journeyed to England with Ernest and six other pilots, with the intention of enlisting in the Royal Flying Corps.

Upon his arrival in England on the 26th February 1916, Ernest enlisted in the Royal Flying Corps, entering his skills as “Aviator for Miscellaneous”. Two months later, he gained his Royal Aero Club Aviators’ Certificate and after a further two months of training was shipped overseas as a pilot and posted to 6 Squadron, based at Abeele in Belgium, flying the BE2d on artillery observation missions.

On the 2nd August 1916, he took part in a long-range bombing raid involving aircraft from five squadrons. The target for the mission was the Zeppelin storage facility in Brussels, at the extreme range of the BE2d, especially as each aircraft was required to carry two 112lb bombs. Unable to take an observer because of severe weight limitations, each pilot had to fly alone with no-one to help with the navigation or defend the aircraft. Despite several mishaps, the mission was a success, with him dropping both bombs from 3,000 feet on to the shed at Etterbeek, causing significant damage. After re-grouping to the west of Brussels at Strythem, the BE2s flew home under the protection of two separate sets of escort fighters and landed safely at their respective aerodromes with almost empty fuel tanks.

In February 1917, he was posted back to England as an instructor with the Wireless and Observation School at Brooklands Aerodrome. According to an interview he had at the time with a London-based journalist from the Townsville Daily Bulletin, Ernest had every intention of returning to the Front. However, on the 20th August 1917, whilst piloting an RE8 on a training flight with his student 2nd Lt H S Jordan, the wings of his aircraft collapsed and the aircraft crashed, killing both men instantly. The following month, Ernest Handley was posthumously transferred to the Australian Imperial Force, but due to bureaucratic delays between the governments of England and Australia, it wasn’t until January 1919 that his personal effects were returned to his mother in Australia.
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CWGC North Cotes (St. Nicolas) Churchyard - North Cotes, East Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

William John Thomas Flagg of No 407 Sqn was killed whilst flying in Lockheed Hudson V, AM567 'when it crashed in an attempted forced landing shortly after taking off from RAF North Coates.

The cause of the crash was a broken aerial resulting in a jammed rudder.
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CWGC North Cotes (St. Nicolas) Churchyard - North Cotes, East Lincolnshire, Friday 16th August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr
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SuffolkBlue

Re: CWGC Cemeteries **updated 06/01/2020**

Postby SuffolkBlue on Fri 07 Feb 2020, 9:50 pm

The Cambridge American Cemetery and Memorial is a World War II American military war grave cemetery, located between the villages of Coton and Madingley, north-west of Cambridge. The cemetery, dedicated in 1956, contains 3,811 American war dead and is one of 26 overseas military cemeteries administered by the American Battle Monuments Commission.

The University of Cambridge donated the land on the north slope of Madingley Hill to the American military forces for use as a temporary cemetery in 1943. Following WWII, the American Battle Monuments Commission selected Cambridge as the site for America's permanent WWII cemetery and war memorial in the United Kingdom. America's war dead from three temporary cemeteries in the British Isles were consolidated into the Cambridge cemetery during an extensive cemetery construction project, and simultaneously the US Government repatriated approximately 58% of the existing war dead at the request of the surviving family members.

Including the 3,812 American burials, 5,127 names are recorded on the Tablets of the Missing.

Most of the casualties here died in the Battle of the Atlantic or in the strategic air bombardment of northwest Europe. Cambridge American Cemetery contains 18 Commonwealth burials of the Second World War, almost all of them American citizens who died while serving with the RAF Ferry command or Air Transport Auxiliary.

Besides personnel of the United States armed forces there are also buried 18 members of the British Commonwealth armed services, who were American citizens serving chiefly in the Royal Air Force and Air Transport Auxiliary, besides an officer of the Royal Canadian Air Force and another of the British Royal Armoured Corps, whose graves are registered and maintained by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission.

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Cambridge American Cemetery - Madingley, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Thursday 22nd August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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Cambridge American Cemetery - Madingley, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Thursday 22nd August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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Cambridge American Cemetery - Madingley, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Thursday 22nd August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

On the 1st February 1945, Consolidated B-24L Liberator 44-49476 crashed into the English Channel on a training flight to Lyon, killing all on board.
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Cambridge American Cemetery - Madingley, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Thursday 22nd August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

On the 14th August 14 1941, Consolidated YB-24 Liberator AM260 veered off the runway at RAF Prestwick during take-off, striking a small building and then plunged over the embankment to the railway line, where it burst into flames. It was an RAF aircraft flown by a BOAC crew. All 22 occupants were killed.

Liberators numbered in the range AM258 to AM263 are understood to have been early models converted for use as unarmed long-range cargo carriers. These aircraft flew between Britain and Egypt, detouring around Spain via the Atlantic, and were used in the evacuation of Java. The RAF took delivery of Liberator IIs in early 1941, numbered 40-696 to 40-702, with all but 702 being cargo carriers. The aircraft were also used by the British Overseas Airways Corporation for transatlantic service and various other long-range transport duties. Only four days before, there was a similar air accident, also involving a Liberator and also resulting in the loss of 22 lives; 5 crew and 17 passengers from RAF Ferry Command, the Air Transport Auxiliary, and BOAC.
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Cambridge American Cemetery - Madingley, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Thursday 22nd August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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Cambridge American Cemetery - Madingley, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Thursday 22nd August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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Cambridge American Cemetery - Madingley, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Thursday 22nd August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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Cambridge American Cemetery - Madingley, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Thursday 22nd August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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Cambridge American Cemetery - Madingley, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Thursday 22nd August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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Cambridge American Cemetery - Madingley, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Thursday 22nd August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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Cambridge American Cemetery - Madingley, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Thursday 22nd August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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Cambridge American Cemetery - Madingley, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Thursday 22nd August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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Cambridge American Cemetery - Madingley, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Thursday 22nd August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Lee L Garlow was killed on the 26th December 1941 when his Lockheed Hudson AE489 crashed near Blacklaw Farm, Lowtown, Stewwarton, Ayrshire. His unit was the 8 Ferry Pilots Pool, Air Transport Auxiliary.
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Cambridge American Cemetery - Madingley, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Thursday 22nd August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Glen Edwin Lewis, RCAF, was the Air Bomber on board Vickers Wellington X HE630 when he and his crew boarded their aircraft at RAF Skipton-on-Swale, Yorkshire for a raid to Koln on the 4th July 1943.

They took off at 22:44hrs along with 652 other Bomber Command aircraft across the country.

Having hit the target, the crew returned to England in bad weather and were diverted to RAF West Malling, Kent. With heavy fog and low fuel, they crashed into a house in the Henhurst area of Gravesend. All of the crew were killed.

Glen Edwin Lewis was initially buried at Brookwood with the other crew members but later exhumed and buried here in Cambridge.
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Cambridge American Cemetery - Madingley, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Thursday 22nd August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

An engine caught fire on Consolidated Liberator AL562 while on a ferry flight from Prestwick to Hawarden on the 23rd November 1941 and crashed in sea off Burrow Head, Wigtownshire.

Flying Officer E E Uhlich (Air Transport Auxiliary) and Captain R J Bush (Air Transport Auxiliary) were killed in the crash.
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Cambridge American Cemetery - Madingley, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Thursday 22nd August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Warren Whitewright Duncan Pearl was born in the Brighton area in 1921 the youngest child of Frederick Warren Pearl and his wife Amy Lea Duncan.

In 1915, his father, Surgeon-Major Frederick Warren Pearl had been appointed to the American Embassy in London. With his wife, three daughters and a son and two nursemaids, they had boarded the RMS Lusitania in New York. On May 7th, 1915 she was torpedoed by a German submarine and went down eleven miles off Kinsale.

His father had been in his stateroom when he heard the explosion and his mother had seen the torpedo hit from the deck. They sent the nursemaids and children up to the deck and followed them. Due to the crowds on deck, they lost contact with their children. After three hours in the water, his father was picked up by a lifeboat, and was rescued by a trawler. In Cobh, he was reunited with his wife who had been rescued by a tramp steamer. His youngest daughter aged three months, and her brother were rescued as their nursemaid managed to get them onto a lifeboat. The other daughters and their nursemaid lost their lives.

His sister, Audrey, married Hugh Lawson-Johnston and was the last survivor of the Lusitania. She died in January 2011.

Flying Officer Warren Whitewright Duncan Pearl was killed whilst flying in Master II, DL472 of No 2 GTS, which spun into the ground near Weston on the Green on the 26th March 1943.

He is commemorated as Commonwealth War Dead by the CWGC on the Maidenhead Register as at March 2011 because it had been believed that his remains were repatriated to the U.S.A.

The Maidenhead Register is a temporary register where the names of Commonwealth service personnel of foreign nationality are recorded where the body was repatriated but no subsequent grave is known. The register is maintained at CWGC Head Office, Maidenhead.
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Cambridge American Cemetery - Madingley, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Thursday 22nd August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

John H Cordner was born on the 4th January 1893 in Bethany, Nebraska.

Through his flying career Cordner was a military pilot, airmail pilot, transport pilot and test pilot. In his 50s he served during WWII as a ferry pilot for the Air Transport Auxiliary.

He died of natural causes at Prestwick on the 2nd March 1944.
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Cambridge American Cemetery - Madingley, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Thursday 22nd August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

On the 2nd April 1942, Supermarine Spitfire Vb BM358 was being flown by Air Transport Auxiliary pilot First Officer William Silver Edgar of No.4 Ferry Pilot Pool when it crashed at Boghead, about 4 miles southwest of Inverurie and about 9 miles northwest of RAF Dyce.

The pilot is thought to have lost control of his brand-new aircraft whilst low flying from RAF Prestwick to RAF Kinloss.
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Cambridge American Cemetery - Madingley, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Thursday 22nd August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Short Stirling I W7523 took off from RAF Wyton, Cambridgeshire, on the 19th May 1942 for an air test, with 9 crew members on board.

Shortly after, the aircraft crashed north east of Graveley, Cambridgeshire, apparently due to engine failure. The aircraft collided with trees bordering a road and then rolled onto it's back. 7 of the crew were killed in the crash and two were dragged clear from the aircraft, including civilian electrician Charles Evans Woodhouse, but he died the next day in RAF Hospital Wyton. Born and raised in Oklahoma, his family originated from Wombourne, Staffordshire.
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Cambridge American Cemetery - Madingley, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Thursday 22nd August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Arthur J. Clarke an employee of Lockheed Overseas Corporation at RAF Langford Lodge, Northern Ireland. He was killed on the 26th November 1943 as the result of being struck by a Government vehicle while returning to his post on a bicycle. He was employed as Civilian Accessory Mechanic by Lockheed Corporation under War Department Contract, attached to 349th Bomber Squadron, 100th Bomber Group, Heavy.

He was buried on the 2nd December 1943 at Brookwood American Military Cemetery, Brookwood, Surrey, before he was permanently interred here at Cambridge on the 20th May 1948.
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Cambridge American Cemetery - Madingley, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Thursday 22nd August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr



During the morning of the 10th May 1944, Flt Off Hugh Jones took off from Goxhill near Grimsby in Lockheed P-38J Lightning 42-67207 to take part in a cine gun / single engine flying exercise however, once airborne he could not locate his flight due to cloud and as such requested permission to join a pair of aircraft whose exercise was a cross country navigation training flight. Permission for this change of exercise was granted and he joined up with the flight.

They headed due west for roughly 20 minutes until reaching a cloud bank which they attempted to fly beneath but could see the cloud ahead extended down to ground level. At this point 2nd Lt Gene H. Cole ordered the two other pilots to turn back. On turning back the flight leader found that Flt Off Jones was missing from the No.2 position, it would appear that while in cloud Flt Off Jones had become disorientated and rolled his aircraft over , when he attempted to climb he was actually descending until the aircraft struck the ground.
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Cambridge American Cemetery - Madingley, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Thursday 22nd August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

On the 22nd July 1944, Richard F Murray of the 496 FTG was piloting North American P-51B Mustang, 43-12416, on a training flight when his aircraft went into a spin from which he recovered but then hit the ground and exploded.
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Cambridge American Cemetery - Madingley, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Thursday 22nd August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Vincent P Lerg of the 94th Bomb Group was killed when his Boeing B-17 Flying Fortess was attacked by fighters and flak on a mission to Emden from RAF Bury St Edmunds on the 21st May 1943.
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Cambridge American Cemetery - Madingley, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Thursday 22nd August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Sgt. George Tullidge graduated in 1941 from the Staunton Military Academy, Virginia.

He and many paratroopers jumped into France under darkness on the night of June 5 while serving in the 507th Parachute Infantry, 82nd Airborne Division

He fought at La Fiere Bridge, a key position on the road to St Mere Eglise. He continued to fight until all his men were safe even with a wound in his hip. He was awarded, posthumously, a Purple Heart for being wounded and a Bronze Star for bravery. Today, the wound would not be life threatening but this was before wide use and availability of antibiotics.

He was evacuated and sent to England for medical treatment, but he died on the 8th June 1944.
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Cambridge American Cemetery - Madingley, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Thursday 22nd August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Donald R Peacock was the waist gunner on Boeing B-17G Flying Fortress 43-38819 when it crashed shortly after taking off from RAF Glatton on Christmas Eve 1944, for a raid on Merzhausen. He was the only casualty in the accident.
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Cambridge American Cemetery - Madingley, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Thursday 22nd August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

William M Annan was the Navigator on board Boeing B-17G Flying Fortress 43-38137 of the 486 Bomb Group when it took off from RAF Sudbury to raid Cologne on the 15th October 1944.

The aircraft failed to gain height and crashed, killing William and all but 1 of his crew members (the pilot).

It came down slicing the roof off Woodhall Farm House, setting the first floor alight. Fifteen year old Raymond Smith lost his life in the farm house.
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Cambridge American Cemetery - Madingley, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Thursday 22nd August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Robert H Horr was a glider pilot who took part in the Normandy invasion on the 6th June 1944. His flight log from that day reads "INVASION STARTED. Over 80 holes in my glider. The Germans were shooting many tows. Best pal “Buck” Jackson was killed just after releasing over enemy territory. Knocked down 3 times in landing. Made it OK. Could feel heat from those bullets. Mighty lucky to come out alive. Gave my pal a morphine shot to ease the pain. Stayed by him in the open field for an hour. Made him as comfortable as possible untill I could get medical aid"

A little over a month later, Horr himself died in a tragic accident. On on the 7th July 1944, he was en route back to RAF Aldermaston, Berkshire. Horr’s WACO CG-4A glider was in tow when its tail section collapsed and the glider crashed.
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Cambridge American Cemetery - Madingley, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Thursday 22nd August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Theodore E Janoski was a navigator with the 730th Bomb Squadron, 452nd Bomb Group based at RAF Deopham Green, Norfolk. On Christmas Eve 1944, his Boeing B-17G Flying Fortress"Ain't Miss Behavin III, 42-31368 crash landed at RAF Deopham Green after returning
from a mission to Darmstadt.

The heavy landing collapsed the undercarriage and the aircraft crashed. 3 crew members survived but 7, including Theodore, lost their lives.
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Cambridge American Cemetery - Madingley, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Thursday 22nd August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

John J. McGuire of the 701st Bomber Squadron, 445th Bomber Group was the Waist Gunner on Consolidated B-24 Liberator 42- 50453 when it went missing over the North Sea on the 11th December 1944.

He is listed here on the Tablets of the Missing but his body was subsequently recovered and he now lays to rest in Arlington National Cemetery.
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Cambridge American Cemetery - Madingley, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Thursday 22nd August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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Cambridge American Cemetery - Madingley, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Thursday 22nd August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Joseph Patrick Kennedy Jr was the brother of former president John F. Kennedy and in September 1943, he was sent to Britain and became a member of Bomber Squadron 110, Special Air Unit ONE, in 1944.

Operation Aphrodite made use of unmanned, explosive-laden Army Air Corps Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress and Navy Consolidated PB4Y-1 Liberator bombers that were deliberately crashed into their targets under radio control. These aircraft could not take off safely on their own, so a crew of two would take off and fly to 2,000 feet before activating the remote control system, arming the detonators, and parachuting from the aircraft. The Navy also participated in Operation Aphrodite, with its portion referred to as Operation Anvil.

Kennedy was appointed a Lieutenant on the 1st July 1944 After the U.S. Army Air Corps operation missions were drawn up in July 1944, Lieutenants Wilford John Willy and Kennedy were designated as the Navy's first Anvil flight crew. Willy, who was the executive officer of Special Air Unit 1, had also volunteered for the mission and "pulled rank" over Ensign James Simpson, who was Kennedy's regular co-pilot. Kennedy and Willy (co-pilot) flew a BQ-8 "robot" aircraft (converted B-24 Liberator) for the U.S. Navy's first Aphrodite mission. Two Lockheed Ventura mother planes and a Boeing B-17 navigation plane took off from RAF Fersfield at 1800 on the 12th August 1944. Then the BQ-8 aircraft, loaded with 21,170 lb (9,600 kg) of Torpex, took off. It was to be used against the U-boat pens at Heligoland in the North Sea.

Following them in a USAAF F-8 Mosquito to film the mission were pilot Lt. Robert A. Tunnel and combat camera man Lt. David J. McCarthy, who filmed the event from the perspex nose of the aircraft. As planned, Kennedy and Willy remained aboard as the BQ-8 completed its first remote-controlled turn at 2,000 ft near the North Sea coast. Kennedy and Willy removed the safety pin, arming the explosive package, and Kennedy radioed the agreed code Spade Flush, his last known words. Two minutes later (and well before the planned crew bailout, near RAF Manston), the Torpex explosive detonated prematurely and destroyed the Liberator, killing Kennedy and Willy instantly. Wreckage landed near the village of Blythburgh in Suffolk, England, causing widespread damage and small fires, but there were no injuries on the ground. According to one report, a total of 59 buildings were damaged in a nearby coastal town.

The names of both men are listed on the Tablets of the Missing here at the Cambridge American Cemetery and Memorial.
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Cambridge American Cemetery - Madingley, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Thursday 22nd August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

On the 22nd February 1944, Boeing B-17G Flying Fortress ‘Mi Amigo’ crashed in Sheffield with the loss of all 10 crew men on board.

The B-17 had been on a raid on the German airfield at Ålborg in occupied Denmark. After being attacked by enemy fighters, it was was unable to release the bombs due to cloud cover obscuring the target.

Pilot First Lt Krieghauser’s aircraft was badly damaged by the attacking fighters. The bombs were released harmlessly over the North Sea as the B-17 limped back towards its base in Northamptonshire.

It is probable the navigation and communication equipment was out of service, and that some of the crew were dead or wounded from the attack. For whatever reasons, ‘Mi Amigo’ ended up 80 miles off course and circling low over the city of Sheffield.

In Endcliffe Park, kids playing football watched as an engine finally cut, a wing dipped and the aircraft spiralled down into a wooded knoll next to the playing field. It is possible First Lieutenant Krieghauser was considering a crash landing on the playing field. This might also account for why some of the crew at least didn’t bail out.

Crew;
First Lieutenant John Glennon Krieghauser, pilot.
Second Lieutenant Lyle J Curtis, co-pilot
Second Lieutenant John W Humphrey, navigator
Second Lieutenant Melchor Hernandez, bombardier
Staff Sergeant Robert E Mayfield, radio operator
Staff Sergeant Harry W Estabrooks, engineer / top turret gunner
Sergeant Charles H Tuttle, ball-turret gunner
Sergeant Maurice O Robbins, tail gunner
Sergeant Vito R Ambrosio, right waist gunner
Muster Sergeant George U Williams, left waist gunner

The crew came to the public's attention in 2019 on the 75th anniversary of the accident when Dan Walker bumped into Tony Foulds who has maintained the memorial in the park. His wish for a flypast over the memorial was achieved live across the nation on BBC News.
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Cambridge American Cemetery - Madingley, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Thursday 22nd August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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Cambridge American Cemetery - Madingley, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Thursday 22nd August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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Cambridge American Cemetery - Madingley, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Thursday 22nd August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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Cambridge American Cemetery - Madingley, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Thursday 22nd August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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Cambridge American Cemetery - Madingley, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Thursday 22nd August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress 42-38053 "Cap'n Crow" of the 100th Bomb Group, RAF Thorpe Abbotts , was forming up over the airfield on the 7th May 1944 in preparation for a raid to Berlin.

The plane had flares stored in the top turret and for some reason they exploded and the pilot ordered the crew to bail out The pilot and co-pilot Jack W Raper and Ralph W Wright were possibly overcome by fumes and passed out. The rest of the crew bailed out.
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Cambridge American Cemetery - Madingley, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Thursday 22nd August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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Cambridge American Cemetery - Madingley, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Thursday 22nd August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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Cambridge American Cemetery - Madingley, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Thursday 22nd August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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Cambridge American Cemetery - Madingley, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Thursday 22nd August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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Cambridge American Cemetery - Madingley, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Thursday 22nd August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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Cambridge American Cemetery - Madingley, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Thursday 22nd August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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Cambridge American Cemetery - Madingley, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Thursday 22nd August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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Cambridge American Cemetery - Madingley, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Thursday 22nd August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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Cambridge American Cemetery - Madingley, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Thursday 22nd August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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Cambridge American Cemetery - Madingley, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Thursday 22nd August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr

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Cambridge American Cemetery - Madingley, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Thursday 22nd August 2019 by Chris Day, on Flickr
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